The Enlightment was a movement during the 1700's which in which many philosophers ( French for philosopher) focused five main ideas in order to improve in government and politics.
belief that human nature could be logically explained using reason and scientific method.
A system in which the emperors /kings granted land to nobles in exchange for their loyalty.
A french philosopher who believed that people are naturally good, but society corrupts them through environment, education, and laws.
Believed in a persons right to Life, Liberty and Property.
English Philosphers. He believed that human action was motivated entirely by selfish concerns, notably fear of death.
(Francois Marie Arouet) Believed in freedom of religion, speech, and separation of church and state.
Baron De Montesquiew
His idea of check and balances would influence the u.s constitution
Became known as a revolutionary propagandist. Wrote common sense challenged the authority of the british government and the royal monarchy.
a revolution(17th century) in human understanding and knowledge about the physical universe.
scientific thought applied to the people, because like science, people were governed by laws.
Italian scientist-father of science. made observations that proved the coperhaican view of the universe.
Believed that humans should doubt everything until it can be proven with reason.
" I think, therefore I am"
Believed that scientists should observe the world and gather data, or information, about it.
The Scientific Method
The ideas of Bacon and Descartes led to the scietific method.
The Scientific Method
A method for gathering and testing ideas about the world
The French population was divided into three estates.(First,second, and third)
Estates(First and second)
The first and second estates- Nobles had almost complete control over peasants the king had complete control over everyone.
The Third Estate
the third estate were the peasants they were forced to do military service.
King Louis xIv
The king has absolute power over everyone and everything.
King Louis 16th
While most of France is broke and starving, the royal family is seen living a luxurious life
The storming of the Bastille
1st violent act of revolution
Declaration of the Rights of man
Eneled Feudalism. All people equal before the law
Robespierre "The incorruptible"
Began a "reign of Terror" committee of public safety- Executed eniemies of the revolution at the guillotine
Gained Control through a coupdetat -studden over throw of government
Military leadership was successful. He won land all over Europe, appointed family as rulers in Italy and spain