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Slave Patrols

The earliest form of policing in the South. They were a product of the slave codes.

Jurisdiction

The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory, or person.

Constable

The peacekeeper in charge of protection in early English towns.

Shire Reeve

In medieval England, the chief law enforcement officer in a territorial area called a shire; later called the sheriff.

State police Model

A model of state law enforcement services in which the agency and its officers have the same law enforcement powers as local police but can exercise them anywhere within the state.

Constable-watch system

A system of protection in early England in which citizens, under the direction of a constable, or chief peacekeeper, were required to guard the city and to pursue criminals.

Contract security

Protective services that a private security firm provides to people agencies, and companies that do not employ their own security personnel or that need extra protection.

Posses

Groups of able-bodies citizens of a community, called into service by a sheriff or constable to chase and apprehend offenders.

Proprietary security

In-house protective services that a security staff, not classified as sworn peace officers, provide for the entity that employs them.

Community policing

A contemporary approach to policing that actively involves the community in working partnership to control and reduce crime.

Peel's Principles of Policing

A dozen of standards proposed by Robert Peel, the author of legislation resulting in the formation of the London Metropolitan Police Department. The standards are still applicable to today's law enforcement.

Highway patrol model

A model of state law enforcement services in which officers focus on highway traffic safety, enforcement of the state's traffic laws, and the investigation of accidents on the state's roads, highways, and property.

Tithing system

A private self-help protection system in early medieval England in which a group of 10 families, or a tithing, agreed to follow the law, keep the peace in their areas, and bring law violators to justice.

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