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Revolutionary War Review

What battle did "the shot heard 'round the world" take place in?

Lexington & Concord

Who was made Commander of the Continental Army by the Second Continental Congress?

George Washington

How did the Continental Army struggle during the early years of the American Revolution?

A divided population, few soldiers, short enlistments, few military supplies, little military training, little military experience, starved, froze, suffered from disease

What fort did Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture to get artillery for the Continental Army?

Fort Ticonderoga

What battle did Israel Putnam say "don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes" because America was running out of ammo?

Bunker Hill

What city did Lord Germain order General Howe to capture in an attempt to win the war in one big battle and also have a base from which to destroy the rebellion at its heart in Massachusetts if necessary?

New York City

Whose famous last words of "I regret that I have only one life to lose for my country" inspired the Continental army after their defeat in Long Island?

Nathan Hale

What is a Professional soldier who is paid to fight called?

Mercenary

What were the mercenary soldiers Britain hired to fight in the Revolutionary War called?

Hessians

What battle did George Washington lead the Continental Army across the Delaware River Christmas night 1776, surprise attack the Hessians and gain a much needed morale boost?

Trenton

Who wrote "The Crisis" to encourage Patriots to keep fighting?

Thomas Paine

Where did the Continental Army spend the second winter of the American Revolution suffering, freezing and starving?

Valley Forge

Who volunteered in the Continental Army and used his own money to buy warm clothes for the soldiers?

Marquis de Lafayette

Who trained the Continental Army at Valley Forge and made it a more organized fighting force?

Baron von Steuben

What did Britain want to gain control of in Albany, New York to divide the New England Colonies from the rest?

Hudson River

What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution and led to France becoming an American ally?

Saratoga

Who betrayed his country after the Battle of Saratoga?

Benedict Arnold

What was Britain's third plan to win the American Revolution?

Southern Campaign

What is a soldiers who leaves the military without permission called?

Deserter

What are small bands of fighters who use hit and run tactics called?

Guerillas

Who earned the nickname "Swamp Fox" by leading a band of Guerrillas that harassed the British during their "Southern Campaign?"

Francis Marion

Who was sent by Washington in 1780 to slow Cornwallis out and did so by leading him on an exhausting chase throughout the southern backcountry?

Nathanael Greene

What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War that convinced Britain the war was too difficult and costly to pursue?

Yorktown

What British general surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown?

Lord Cornwallis

What treaty ended the Revolutionary War, gave America independence and allowed Americans to move west?

Treaty of Paris 1783

Who wanted freedom from Britain?

Patriots

Who wanted to remain under British control?

Loyalists

Who chose neither side during the American Revolution?

Neutrals

How did America win the Revolutionary War?

Motivation, George Washington, Foreign Aid and War Location

What did Britain offer slaves to get their help during the Revolutionary War?

Freedom

What did Britain offer American Indians to get their help during the Revolutionary War?

Land

What was the colonists' last attempt at peace with Britain?

Olive Branch Petition

What persuaded colonists independence was sensible and key to a brighter American future?

Common Sense

What informed Britain of the colonists' desire for freedom?

Declaration of Independence

Whose Enlightenment Theory said all men are created equal and have unalienable rights, governments are created by the people and get their power from the people to protect the rights of the people; and if a government fails to protect the rights of the people, the people have the right to alter or abolish the government?

John Locke

Who did most of the work and therefore gets most of the credit for writing the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

Whose name is synonymous with signature for being the first to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancock

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