an artistic style of the 17th century characterized by complex forms, bold ornamentation, and contrasting elements
baroque term for human emotions or states of the soul
(First Practice) Method of making music strictly according to Zarlino's rules of counterpoint.
also known as Second Practice, Monteverdi's new text-driven approach to music , reverses the relationship between music and text; music reflects textual/ poetic structure and meaning; textual painting
system of notation and performance practice used in the baroque period, in which an instrumental bass line is written out and one or more players of keyboard, lute, or similar instruments fill in the harmony with appropriate chords or improvised melodic lines
symbols used to denote the inversion of a chord (such as 6, 6/4, 6/5, 4/3, or 2)
A process where it is expected to read figured bass symbols while performing the music.
(from Italian concertare: to reach agreement) In 17th c. music, the combination of voices with one or more instruments, where the instruments do not simply double the voices but play independent parts.
the division of the scale based on an octave that is divided into twelve exactly equal semitones
note or notes added to the original melodic line for embellishment and added interest
Elaborate passage decorating important cadences to Aria's