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right upper limbs and brain

What location does the right subclavian artery supply?

left side of head

What location does the left common carotid supply?

left upper limb and brain

What location does the left subclavian artery supply?

liver

What organ does the common hepatic artery supply?

supply arteries to the pancreas, small intestine, and most of large intestine

What organ does the superior mesenteric artery supply?

kidneys

What organ does the renal arteries supply?

second half of colon, rectum

What organ does the inferior mesenteric artery supply?

Muscles of the right pectoral region and axilla

What location does the axillary artery supply?

Structures of the arm

What location does the brachial artery supply?

Forearm, radial side

What location does the radial artery supply?

Forearm, ulnar side

What location does the ulnar artery supply?

Hands and fingers

What location does the palmar arch artery supply?

Pelvis and lower limbs

What location does the common iliac artery supply?

urinary bladder, internal and external walls of pelvis, external genatilia and medial side of thigh

What location does internal iliac artery supply?

lower limb

What location does the external iliac artery supply?

anteromedial surface of the thigh

What location does the femoral artery supply?

ventral and lateral regions of the skin and deep muscles of the thigh

What location does the deep femoral artery supply?

knee and leg

What location does the popliteal artery supply?

skin and muscles of anterior portion of the leg

What location does the anterior tibial artery supply?

Ankle and dorsal portion of foot

What location does the dorsalis pedis artery supply?

posterior portion of leg

What location does the posterior tibial artery supply?

head

What location do the common carotid arteries supply?

Right Subclavian Right Carotid

Two arteries formed by the division of the brachiocephalic trunk.

Coronary Arteries

First branches off the ascending aorta: serve the heart.

Inernal Carotid and Vertebral Arteries

Two paired arteries, serving the brain.

Aorta

Largest artery of the human body.

Deep Femoral

Artery that serves the posterior thigh

Phrenic

Artery that supplies the diaphragm.

Brachial

Artery that splits to form the radial and ulnar arteries.

Inferior Mesenteric

Artery that supplies the last half of the large intestine.

Brachial

Artery generally auscultated to determine blood pressure in the arm.

Internal Illiac

Artery that serves the pelvis.

Femoral

External iliac becomes this artery on entering the thigh.

Brachial

Major artery serving the arm.

Superior Mesenteric

Artery that supplies most of the small intestine.

Common Illiac Arteries

Terminal branches of the descending aorta divides into

Ciliac Trunk

Arterial trunk that has 3 major branches serving the liver, stomach, spleen.

External Carotid

Major artery, serving the tissues external to the skull.

Posterior Tibial, Anterior Tibial, Fibular

Three arteries, serving the leg inferior to the knee.

Radial

Artery generally used to feel the pulse at the wrist.

Aorta

Damage to the left semilunar valve would interfere with blood flow in this artery.

Brachiocephalic Trunk, left Common Carotid, left Subclavian

First, second and third branches off the aortic arch.

Femoral

Major artery supplying the lower limb.

Axillary

An intermediary between the subclavian and brachial arteries.

Pulmonary Arteries

Brings deoxygenated blood to the lungs.

Ascending, Aortic Arch, Descending

Parts of the aorta.

Radial, Ulnar

Branches off the brachial artery.

Internal Carotid

Compressing this artery next to the mandible can cause loss of consciousness.

Left

Which common carotid artery arises directly from the aortic arch?

Vertebral Artery

Travels through the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae.

Common Carotid

Divides into external and internal branches at the level of Adam's apple.

Popliteal Artery

An artery getting its name from the popliteal fossa at the rear of the knee.

Pericardial Phrenic

A branch of the subclavian artery that issues finer branches to the pericardium

intercostal arteries

Anterior and posterior _______________supply the muscles between the ribs.

Elastic arteries (conducting arteries)

--Large vessels (e.g., pulmonary trunk and aorta)
--Tunica media has many elastic fibers and few muscle cells
--Elasticity evens out pulse force
--transport large volumes of blood away from the heart.

Muscular arteries (distribution arteries)

--Are medium-sized (most arteries)
--Tunica media has many muscle cells
--Transport blood to the body's skeletal muscle and internal organs.
--Greater density of smooth muscle within the media than elastic arteries.

Arterioles

--Are small
--Have little or no tunica externa
--Have thin or incomplete tunica media
--they control the blood flow between arteries and capillaries.
--is poorly defined and the media consists of scattered smooth muscle fibers that may not form a complete layer.

1. venules (smallest)
2. medium-sized veins
3. large veins

What are three types of veins?

VENULE

the smallest venules lack a media. However, in the largest venules you will find scattered smooth muscle cells

MEDIUM-SIZED VEINS

contain a thin media and the thickest layer is the adventitia which contains longitudinal bundles of elastic and collagen fibers

LARGE VEINS

*Ex. superior and inferior venae cavae* all of the layers are thickest in large veins. Still a slender media which is surrounded by a thick adventitia, mix of elastic and collagenous fibers

...

Know all the major arteries in the body

Right Internal Carotid Artery

Identify A

Vertebral artery

Identify B

Right subclavian

Identify C

Brachiocephalic trunk

Identify D

Aortic arch

Identify E

Ascending aorta

Identify F

Axillary

Identify G

Celiac trunk

Identify H

Brachial

Identify I

Abdominal aorta

Identify J

Suprarenal artery

Identify K

Radial

Identify L

Ulnar

Identify M

External iliac

Identify O

Palmar arches

Identify N

Popliteal

Identify P

Posterior tibial

Identify Q

Anterior tibial

Identify R

Fibular

Identify O: _______ artery

Plantar arch

Identify S

Dorsalis pedis

Identify T

Descending genicular

Identify R:_______ artery

Femoral

Identify U

Deep femoral

Identify V

Internal iliac

Identify W

Common iliac

Identify X

Inferior mesenteric

Identify Y

Gonadal

Identify Z

Superior mesenteric

Identify AA

Renal

Identify BB

Diaphragm

Identify CC

Descending aorta

Identify DD

Pulmonary trunk

Identify EE

Axillary

Identify FF

Left subclavian

Identify GG

Left common carotid

Identify HH

Right common carotid

Identify II

Right external carotid artery

Identify JJ

Temporal artery

Identify KK

Systemic Venous System

Be able to identify the major veins in the body.

Dural sinuses

Identify A

Vertebral

Identify B

External jugular

Identify C

Subclavian

Identify D

Axillary

Identify E

Cephalic

Identify F

Brachial

Identify G

Basilic

Identify H

Hepatic

Identify I

Median cubital

Identify J

Radial

Identify K

Median antebrachial

Identify L

Ulnar

Identify M

Palmar venous arches

Identify N

Digital

Identify N: _______ vein

Great saphenous

Identify O

Popliteal

Identify P

Small saphenous

Identify Q

Fibular

Identify R: _______ vein

Dorsal venous arch

Identify S

Plantar venous arch

Identify R

Anterior tibial

Identify T

Posterior tibial

Identify U

Femoral

Identify V

Deep femoral

Identify W

Internal iliac

Identify X

External iliac

Identify Y

Left and right common iliac

Identify Z

Lumbar

Identify BB: _______ vein

Gonadal

Identify AA

Renal

Identify BB

Inferior vena cava

Identify CC

Intercostal

Identify DD

Superior vena cava

Identify EE

Brachiocephalic

Identify FF

Internal jugular

Identify GG

temple and scalp

What location does the temporal artery supply?

head, neck, shoulder and upper limbs

What location does brachicoephalic trunk (artery) supply?

connects ascending and descending aorta

What location does aortic arch supply?

left and right coronary arteries originate at the base of ascending aorta and branch off to the supply the heart with blood

What location does ascending aorta supply?

abdominal cavity

What location does abdominal aorta supply?

each suprarenal artery supplies a suprarenal gland

What location does suprarenal artery supply?

distal portions of foot and toes

What location does plantar arch supply?

males= testes
females= ovaries

What location does gonadal artery supply?

takes blood from the heart to the lungs

What location does pulmonary trunk supply?

the diaphragm divides the descending aorta into a superior thoracic aorta and an inferior abdominal aorta

What location does descending aorta supply?

cranium

What location is drained by the dural sinuses?

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