Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

seed

embryo of a living plant that is encased in a protective covering and surrounded by a food supply.

integument

Layer of sporophyte tissue that contributes to the structure of an ovule of a seed plant.

ovule

A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant and contains the female gametophyte.

pollen grain

Structure consisting of a few haploid cells surrounded by a thick protective wall that contains a male gametophyte of a seed plant.

pollination

the transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants.

progymnosperms

An extinct seedless vascular plant that may be ancestral to seed plants.

sepals

Leaflike parts that cover and protect the flower bud.

petals

modified leaves which are usually bright in color to attract pollinators.

stamens

The pollen-producing male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an anther and filament.

filament

stalk that supports the anther.

anther

male reproductive part that produces pollen.

carpels

innermost part of a flower that produce the female gametophytes.

stigma

The sticky part of a flower's carpel, which traps pollen grains.

style

narrow stalk of the carpel in a flower.

ovary

in flowering plants, the lower part of a pistil that produces eggs in ovules.

fruit

A mature ovary of a flower that protects dormant seeds and aids in their dispersal.

embryo sac

The female gametophyte of angiosperms, formed from the growth and division of the megaspore into a multicellular structure with eight haploid nuclei.

cross pollination

pollen from one flower transfered to the sticky stigma of another flower.

micropyle

in the ovules of seed plants, the opening in the integuments through which the pollen tube usually enters.

double fertilization

A mechanism of fertilization in angiosperms, in which two sperm cells unite with two cells in the embryo sac to form the zygote and endosperm.

cotyledons

the stored food inside one or two seed leaves.

endosperm

In angiosperms, a nutrient-rich tissue formed by the union of a sperm with two polar nuclei during double fertilization. The endosperm provides nourishment to the developing embryo in angiosperm seeds.

monocots

A clade consisting of flowering plants that have one embyonic seed leaf, or cotyledon.

dicots

angiosperm whose seeds have two cotyledons.

eudicots

Member of a clade consisting of the vast majority of flowering plants that have two embryonic seed leaves, or cotyledons.

basal angiosperms

Member of a clade of three early-diverging lineages of flowering plants. Examples are Amborella, water lilies, and star anise and its relatives.

magnoliids

A flowering plant clade that evolved later than basal angiosperms but before monocots and eudicots. Extant examples are magnolias, laurels, and black pepper plants.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set