NURS 208 Chpt 4 NCLEX Questions

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NURS 208 Potter & Perry Chpt 4 NCLEX Questions from book website: http://evolvels.elsevier.com

D

Nursing's paradigm includes:
A) Health, person, environment, and theory
B) Concepts, theory, health, and environment
C) Nurses, physicians, models, and client needs
D) The person, health, environment/situation, and nursing

C

Which of the following statements about prescriptive theories is accurate?
A) They describe phenomena.
B) They have the ability to explain nursing phenomena.
C) They reflect practice and address specific phenomena.
D) They provide a structural framework for broad abstract ideas.

B

A theory is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions that:
A) Formulates legislation
B) Explains a phenomenon
C) Measures nursing functions
D) Reflects the domain of nursing practice

D

There is a contemporary move toward addressing nursing as a science or as evidenced-based practice. This suggests that:
A) One theory will guide nursing practice.
B) Scientists will make nursing decisions.
C) Theories will be tested to describe or predict client outcomes.
D) Nursing will base client care on the practice of other sciences.

C

To practice in today's health care environment, nurses need a strong scientific knowledge base in nursing and other disciplines, such as the physical, social, and behavioral sciences. This relates to which of the following?
A) Systems theories
B) Developmental theories
C) Interdisciplinary theories
D) Health and wellness model

B

Which theories describe an orderly process beginning with conception and continuing through death?
A) Systems theories
B) Developmental theories
C) Interdisciplinary theories
D) Stress and adaptation theories

D

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is useful to nurses, who must continually prioritize a client's nursing care needs. The most basic or first-level needs include:
A) Self-actualization
B) Love and belonging
C) Air, water, and food
D) Esteem and self-esteem

A

Leininger's theory of cultural care diversity and universality specifically addresses:
A) Caring for clients from unique cultures
B) Understanding the humanistic aspects of life
C) Identifying variables affecting a client's response to a stressor
D) Caring for clients who cannot adapt to internal and external environmental demands

C

As an art, nursing relies on knowledge gained from practice and reflection on past experiences. As a science, nursing relies on:
A) Experimental research
B) Nonexperimental research
C) Physician-generated research
D) Scientifically tested knowledge

C

Each science has a domain, which is the perspective of the discipline. This domain:
A) Represents the recipients of the benefits of the science or discipline
B) Is a model that explains the linkage of science, philosophy, and theory that is accepted and applied by the discipline
C) Describes the subject, central concepts, values and beliefs, phenomena of interest, and central problems of the discipline
D) Is a dynamic state of being in which the developmental and behavioral potential of the individual is realized to the fullest

D

A theory is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions to explain a phenomenon. The purposes of the components of a theory are to:
A) Describe concepts or connect two concepts that are factual
B) Formulate a perceptual experience to describe or label a phenomenon
C) Express the global view about the individual, situations, or factors of interest to a specific discipline
D) Describe, explain, predict, and/or prescribe interrelationships among the concepts that define the phenomenon

A

Nursing theories focus on the phenomena of nursing and nursing care. Which of the following is true of phenomena?
A) They are aspects of reality that can be consciously sensed or experienced.
B) They convey the general meaning of concepts in a manner that fits the theory.
C) They are statements that describe concepts or connect two concepts that are factual.
D) They are mental formulations of an object or event that come from individual perceptual experience.

A

Theories that are broad and complex are:
A) Grand theories
B) Descriptive theories
C) Middle-range theories
D) Prescriptive theories

C

Theories that are limited in scope, less abstract, address specific phenomena or concepts, and reflect practice are:
A) Grand theories
B) Descriptive theories
C) Middle-range theories
D) Prescriptive theories

D

Mishel's theory of uncertainty in illness focuses on the experience of clients with cancer who live with continual uncertainty. The theory provides a basis for nurses to assist clients in appraising and adapting to the uncertainty and illness response and can be described as:
A) A grand theory
B) A descriptive theory
C) A prescriptive theory
D) A middle-range theory

B

The nursing paradigm identifies four linkages of interest to the nursing profession. These four linkages are:
A) Concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions
B) The person, health, environment/situation, and nursing
C) The individual, groups, situations, and interests specific to nursing
D) Description, explanation, prediction, and prescription of an interrelationship of nursing

C

The type of theory that tests the validity and predictability of nursing interventions is:
A) A grand theory
B) A descriptive theory
C) A prescriptive theory
D) A middle-range theory

C

The nursing process is an example of an open system. An open system:
A) Is universal and dynamic
B) Represents a relationship between two concepts
C) Interacts with the environment by exchanging information
D) Is a process through which information is returned to the system

D

Evidence-based nursing practice is the end result of:
A) Prescriptive theory
B) Use of practical knowledge
C) Application of theoretical knowledge
D) Theory-generating and theory-testing research

B

The nursing theory that emphasizes the delivery of nursing care for the whole person to meet the physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs of the client and family is:
A) Rogers' theory
B) Abdellah's theory
C) Henderson's theory
D) Nightingale's theory

D

The nursing theory that viewed nursing as providing fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet, and adequate nutrition is:
A) Rogers' theory
B) Abdellah's theory
C) Henderson's theory
D) Nightingale's theory

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