Nervous System

106 terms by meda120 

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cepahlic

head

cephalocele

hernia of the head

cephalocentesis

Surgical puncture of the head to remove fluid

cephalodynia

headache

cephalopathy

disease of the brain/head

Cerebrum

Largest area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body, the thinking area

Cephalo

head

Cerebro

cerebrum

cerebrosclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening of the cerebrum

cerebrospinal

pertaining to the brain and spinal cord

cerebrovascular

pertaining to the cerebrum and blood vessels

cerebromalacia

softening of the cerebrum

cranio

skull

craniocele

A protrusion of the brain through a defect in the skull

craniotomy

a surgical opening through the skull

craniocaudal

pertaining to the head to the feet

craniocerebral

pertaining to the cranium and cerebrum

craniology

study of the skull

Encephal/o

inside of head; brain

encephalotomy

incision into the brain

encephalic

pertaining to the brain

encephalogram

radiograph of the brain with air injected into the ventricles

encephalomyelitis

acute inflammation of brain and spinal cord

encephalopathy

any disease or disorder of the brain

gli

glue, glue-like

Neuroglia

"nerve glue"; many types of cells that support, insulate, and protect neurons

glioma

A tumor originating in the neuroglia of the brain or spinal cord.

gliocyte

glial cell

gliomatosis

formation of a large glioma

kinesi

movement, motion

kinesalgia

pain in movement

kineplasty

surgical repair to movement

kinesia

pertaining to movement

kinesics

the study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions

kinesiology

the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement

Mening/o

meninges;( membranes around the brain and spinal cord)

Meninges

three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, consisting of the dura mater, pia mater, and arachnoid mater

meningitis

Inflammation of the meninges. May lead to paralysis, difficulty breathing or a coma depending on how bad the infection is. Can be bacterial or viral

meningocyte

meninges cell

meningocele

herniation of the meninges, Form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord develops properly but the meninges protrude through the spine

meninx

a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord

myelo

bone marrow, spinal cord

Spinal cord

cord of nerve tissue that conducts messages between the brain and the peripheral nerves

bone marrow

a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells

myelomalcia

abnormal softening of the spinal cord

myelopathy

any pathologic condition of the spinal cord

myeloradiculitis

inflammation of the spinal cord and the dorsal root of the spinal nerve

neuro

nerve

nervous system

the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems

neurology

the study of the nervous system

neuroma

any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system

neurologist

a physician who diagnoses and treats disorders of the nervous system

neuroepithelioma

malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium

Thalm/o

Thalamus

Thalamus

the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla

thalamic

pertaining to the thalamus

thalamocortical

relating to or connecting the cortex and thalamus

Ton/o

tone; tension

tension

the physical condition of being stretched or strained

tonaphasia

Loss, through cerebral lesion, of the ability to remember tunes

tonometer

measuring instrument for measuring tension or pressure (especially for measuring intraocular pressure in testing for glaucoma)

Ventricul/o

ventricle ( of heart or brain)

Ventricle

one of four connected cavities in the brain

ventriculogram

x ray of the ventricles of brain

ventricular

pertaining to a ventricle (chamber of the heart or brain)

- algesia

(pain)

-algia

(pain)

-esthesia

(feeling, sensation)

-phasia

(speech)

-asthenia

(weakness)

-ictal

(seizure)

-phonia

(voice)

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

-lepsy

seizure

ataxia

lack of muscular coordination

plegia

paralysis

-paresis

parital paralysis, weakness

hemi-

right or left hemishpere of body

TIA

transient ischemic attack- mini stroke, sudden lack of blood to the brain, temporary

alzheimers

degenerative brain disease evidenced by plaques in the motor and cognitive areas of the brain, memory loss

aphasia

the inability to speak

Guillian-Barre

ascending paralysis, polyneuropathy

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid surrounds the brain and spinal cord

Parkinson's

Loss of dopamine, resting tremors

Bell's Palsy

CNVII, facial paralysis on one side of face

meningomyelocele

herniation of the meninges and the nerves of the spinal cord as in spina bifida

paraparesis

parial paralysis in both lower extremeties (BLE's)

LP

lumbar puncture or spinal tap to draw CSF

CVA

cerebrovascular accident, stroke, embolic, hemorrhagic(aneurysm) or thrombotic

EEG

record of the electrical impulses of the brain

subdural hematoma

collection of blood beneath the Dura Mater

sciatica

sciatic nerve pain that runs down the leg

Multiple Sclerosis

autoimmune disorder caused by the demylination of the nerves of the spinal cord, patient experiences exacerbations and remissions

tetra

four

syncope

fainting

hypokalemia

low potassium in the blood

syn-

together

-drome

running

dsylexia

reading, writing learning disablity

Doppler ultrasound

detects sound waves from the body

glioblastoma

malignant brain tumor

paresthesia

pins and needles

TIA

transient ischemic attack, mini stroke, temporary lack of blood to the brain

hydrocephalus

excessive CSF on the brain

aura

sensation preceding a headache or seizure

anencephaly

congenital brain malformation

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