← Biodiversity Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Umbrella species
- Flagship species
- Indicator species
- Keystone species
- a tied to specific communities or successional stages
- b require large blocks of undisturbed habitat
Elephants, northern spotted owl
- c attractive organisms to which people react emotionally
- d need to be trapped and euthanized
Not native to Michigan
Invaded following deforestation
- e species has major effect on other members of community
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- total number of species in a community
- By 1890's, most states had enacted some hunting and fishing laws; General idea was pragmatic, not aesthetic or moral preservation.; Only game species were managed; Predators were exterminated; In general, regulations have been extremely successful.; White tailed deer; Wild turkey
- Wildlife smuggling is very profitable.
Fur, horns, live specimens, folk medicine
5 million wild birds sold worldwide each year
Additional 3 million caught but die before reaching market
128 million tropical fish sold annually in U.S.
Cyanide released above coral reefs to stun fish. A single diver can kill all life on 200 sq. meters of coral reef in one day.
- 1975; Regulates trade in living specimens and products derived from listed species; Currently lists 700 species threatened with extinction by international trade; Gorillas, elephants, rhinos, most big cats
- Any animal species about which some problems of limited abundance or distribution in Indiana are known or suspected and should be closely monitored.
5 True/False Questions
Species Evenness → relative abundance of individuals within each species
If one or a few species are dominant (most abundant), the community is said to have low diversity
Extirpated → Any animal species that has been absent from the state as a naturally occurring breeding population for over 10 years, but exists elsewhere as a wild population.
Threatened → Any animal species that has been absent from the state as a naturally occurring breeding population for over 10 years, but exists elsewhere as a wild population.
Drugs and Medicines → species has major effect on other members of community
Overharvesting → Passenger pigeon- Formerly world's most abundant bird (est. 3-5 billion animals) Extinct in 1914; Many major fish stocks expected to collapse within 50 years; Bushmeat trade