Cognitive Psych. E2

14 terms by chambsal11 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Pattern Recognition, Attention, Visual Imagery

task interference

...

automatic processing

processing of info. that guides behaviour, but w/out conscious awareness.
-and w/out interfering w/other conscious activity that may be going on at the same time.
-for ex: driving slowly down a street (auto processing), while looking for a specific address (conscious processing)

effortful processing

learning or storing (encoding) that requires attention & effort. Even though we have the capacity to learn lots of things...
-there are lots of times when we MUST PRACTICE, rehearse, & try to remember things.
-when we engage in any technique to help remember info better, we are engaging in _______ _________.

Stroop Task

exploits this tendency (to read words very quickly-almost automatically), by showing words which are the names of colors, but printing them in colors different than the color written.

spatial processing

localized points in space, percieving depth, determining orientation of lines, percieving motion, rotating items mentally

frequency processing

...

temporal processing

...

incidental learning

Some form of indirect/additional/unplanned learning within an informal or formal learning situation.
- as when a child happens to push a button on a musical toy and discovers that this action causes music to play

intentional learning

Used to describe learning efforts and activities that are engaged in when a learner is deliberately trying to learn something so that it can be recalled later.

masking

-used in Word Superiority Effect (WSE) studies to avoid iconic memory after a word or nonword is flashed up.
-this is done by a row of Xs
-so, for example, if the word "STAY" is quickly flashed up, then, immediately, 4 Xs will replace the word. Then a person will be given 2 letters (say, Y & E), then they must recall which letter was in the given word.

context effects in recognition

Top-down processing, where Long Term Memory affects perception - information does not only flow one way.
-for ex.: if the word QUOTE is written as QVOTE, you will still recognize it as the correct, meaningful word b/c its context gives you a clue (esp. the 1st & last letters, in their original, correct places helps).

proofreader's error

-(part of context effects from top-down processing)
-people read what they expect, instead of what is there, and therefore, cannot effectively proofread their own work
-people, before spellcheck, used to read their papers backward to avoid being tricked by context effects.

phonemic restoration effect

When a phoneme in a word is heard, even though it is obscured by a noise, such as a cough. This typically occurs when the word is part of a sentence (ex: the cough eel, or also, mistaking sex and violence for sax and violins).
-(so, filling in a missing phoneme or sound is based on context, even when the context is after the missing info.)
-from top-down processing
-this is auditory imposed organization (an auditory illusion)
-Warren & Warren (1970)

connectionist models

Model of how a phenomenon (some aspect of language acquisition) could be accompanied by a device that consists of a network of interconnected nodes.
-Usually implemented as computer programs to prove connectionist account of language acquisition. (computer models of word recognition)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set