Chapter 5 Review Study Guide- Ancient Rome

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Dictator

in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time

Consul

in the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government

Latins

...

Etruscans

...

Patricians

...

Hannibal

...

Legion

a military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback

Tribune

in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights

Plebeians

in ancient rome, one of the common farmers artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population

Senator

in ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up of only aristocrats

Scipio

...

Julius Caesar

...

Constantine

...

Classical

...

Aqueducts

a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas

Diocletian

...

Pax Romana

a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 Bc. to A.D. 180

sculpture

the art form called bas-relief is a type of

french, spanish, Portuguese, italian, romanian

what is the family of languages that developed from Latin?

arch

the design of the aqueducts made a significant use of the architectural structure of the arch

united states, western europe

what regions of the world today are still strongly influenced by the achievements of rome

trade, agriculture, slaves

what was an important part of the Roman economy

fleeing from the Huns

why did germanic people invade the roman empire

Sicilly

what conflict of interest lay between Rome and Carthage

one was for army, one was for government

in the early Roman government, who were the consuls

empire was too large, wanted to make it easier to control

what was the emperor's purpose for dividing the Roman empire

inflation, military corruption, too large, not enough food

what were the reasons for the decline of the Roman Empirei

free born males could vote

under roman law, what rights did people have?

peaceful and prosperous

as a result of 207 years of Pax Romana, the roman empire was

with the people

where does the power of a republic rest

latins, greeks, etruscans

the major power struggles in the early roman republic were between which groups?

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