5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- William Pitt
- John Peter Zanger
- Edward Braddock
- Tea Act
- Sugar Act
- a newspaper publisher, arrested for speaking libel against the british gov.
- b (1764) British deeply in debt part to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
- c a British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, Braddock was mortally wounded.
- d Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies with a small direct tax- undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
- e The Prime Minister of England during the French and Indian War. He increased the British troops and military supplies in the colonies, and this is why England won the war.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy. The purpose of salutary neglect was to ensure the loyalty of the colonists in the face of the French territorial and commercial threat in North America. The English ceased practicing salutary neglect following British victory in the French and Indian War.
- Drafted a declaration of colonial rights and grievances, and also wrote the series of "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" in 1767 to protest the Townshend Acts. Although an outspoken critic of British policies towards the colonies, Dickinson opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence.
- Occurred between the 1730's and the 1760's. Outgrowth of the Enlightenment. Main leaders were Johnathan Edwards ["Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"] and George Whitefield. Whitefield preached using emotion and spirituality.
- taxes directly imposed on people
- an ecomonic theory where colonies are created to benefit the "mother country" through trade of raw materials and consumption of the mother countrys finished products
5 True/False Questions
Proclamation Line of 1763 → Order by the British king, George III, that closed the region west of the App Mountains to all settlement by colonists , prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains, colonists weren't allowed to settle of buy land there, this led to outrage in the 13 colonies
Navigational Acts → In 1767 "Champagne Charley" Townshend persuaded Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts. These acts put a light import duty on such things as glass, lead, paper, and tea. The acts met slight protest from the colonists, who found ways around the taxes such as buying smuggled tea. Due to its minute profits, the Townshend Acts were repealed in 1770, except for the tax on tea. The tax on tea was kept to keep alive the principle of Parliamentary taxation.
Stamp Act → Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies with a small direct tax- undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
John Adams → A Massachusetts attorney and politician who was a strong believer in colonial independence. He argued against the Stamp Act and was involved in various patriot groups. As a delegate from Massachusetts, he urged the Second Continental Congress to declare independence. He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence. Adams later served as the second President of the United States.
Jonathan Edwards → The most outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening. He was a New England Congregationalist and preached in Northampton, MA, he attacked the new doctrines of easy salvation for all. He preached anew the traditional ideas of Puritanism related to sovereignty of God, predestination, and salvation by God's grace alone. He had vivid descriptions of Hell that terrified listeners.