Theology MIDTERM Vocab

33 terms by pendragon4526 

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nabi

means "prophet" rather than "messenger or apostle"

rasul

means "messenger" or "apostle"; title applied to Muhammad

Mecca

center of Islam

Kabba

a large black stone positioned in Mecca

Sunni

the faction of Muslims that believe that Muhammad appointed his father-in-law Abu Bakr as his successor

Shi'ite

the faction of Muslims that believes that Muhammad appointed his son-in-law Ali as his successor

Qur'an

"reading" or "recitation," the Muslim holy text

Islam

means "submission" or "surrender"

Muslim

literally, someone who has submitted or surrendered himself to Allah

Shahadah

Muslim profession of faith

surah

chapter of the Qur'an

qiblah

the orientation/direction the Muslim faces during shalah

Hajj

the mandatory pilgrimage to Mecca

Jihad

Islamic "holy war"

Shariah

Islamic law

Sufi

a Muslim who practices a mystical or esoteric form of Islam

tariqah

spiritual path of perfection and union with God practiced by Sufi Muslims

Medina

"city of the prophet," the site that Muhammad flees to after he is expelled from Mecca

Hellenization

refers to the encounter between Greek philosophies and Israelite faith/Scriptures

Pharisees

a group of Jews that believed in a literal following of the law, and object to Jesus on several grounds

Sadducees

the priestly Jewish class that is in charge of the temple; die out after the destruction of the Temple

Zealots

the group of Jews that advocated a violent overthrow of Rome and expected a warrior Messiah

Essenes

a Jewish monastic desert community responsible for the Dead Sea Scrolls

Canon of Scripture

the collection of Holy writings compiled by the rabbis

Septuagint

the Greek translation of the NT

Tanakh

the complete Hebrew Bible

Mishnah

the first rabbinic commentary

Gemara

rabbinic commentary on the Mishnah/debates about how the law should be applied

Talmud

literally, "instruction," or "learning," the combination of the Mishnah and Gemara, which contained rabbinic debates about the Passover

Moses Maimonides

responsible for compiling the 13 Jewish Principles/Articles of Faith

Shemone Esre Berakhot

the 18 blessings used in Jewish religion

Kaddish

"holy, sanctification"; the prayer that concludes synagogue service

Todah

a sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving in Jewish liturgy

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