Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Multiple choice questions from the compend for Microbiology

active

Vaccines bring about a type of immunity referred to as

naturally acquired passive

The type of immunity which is the result of placental transfer of antibodies is called

antiserum

The serum derived from an animal that has been immunized to an infectious disease and is used to confer immunity to others, including humans, is called

antigen

A foreign protein, which when introduced into the body, excites the body cells to produce antibodies against itself, is called a(an)

artificially acquired passive

The type of acquired immunity that results from the inoculation of immune serum is called

susceptibility

Lack of resistance to a specific disease is called

antibodies

Substances produced by body cells to combat foreign proteins introduced into the living body are called

agglutinins

Antibodies that inactivate invading bacterial cells by causing the cells to form clumps are called

acquired

The type of immunity that is inherited is called

innate

The type of immunity that is inherited is called

naturally acquired passive

The type of immunity that results from the inoculation of a toxoid is

vaccine

The causative agent of a disease modified in such a manner that it will no longer cause the disease but will still promote the production of antibodies is a/an

immunity

A highly developed state of resistance to a specific disease is called

droplet spray

The organisms responsible for the infection epidemic meningitis exit from the host by means of

ingestion

Infections caused by members of the genus Salmonella are primarily transmitted by

mouth

The portal of entry of Salmonella typhi is

Neisseria

Opthalmia neonatorum is an infection caused by

Clostridium

Endospore formation is characteristic of the members of the genus

tetanus

Lockjaw is the common name for the disease

Clostridium perfringens

Gas gangrene and tissue gas is caused by

Staphylococcus

Local skin abscesses are infections usually caused by members of the genus

Asiatic cholera

Vibrio cholerae are bacteria responsible for the infection called

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Which of the following organisms has a high lipid content of the cell wall?

whooping cough

Pertussis is a disease that is commonly called

tularemia

Rabbit fever is the common name for the disease

childbed fever

Puerperal sepsis is commonly referred to as

Clostridium perfringens

Which of the following organisms is capable of forming capsules when living as parasites?

Streptococcus pyogenes

The causative agent of the infection called septic sore throat is

Tularemia

Which of the following diseases may be caused by the organisms responsible for infection entering the body through the unbroken skin?

Bacillus anthracis

Endospore formation is a characteristic of

rheumatic fever

Streptococcus pyogenes is responsible for the infectious disease

Treponema pallidum

Which of the following organisms is the causative agent for a venereal disease?

infectious jaundice

Weil's disease is another name for

ophthalmia neonatorum

Silver nitrate prophylaxis was once used for the control of

nose and mouth

The portal of entry of Streptococcus pneumoniae is the

agglutinins

Which of the following organisms is capable of forming capsules when living as parasites?

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Which of the following organisms is capable fo forming capsules when living as parasites?

Respiratory discharges

Which of the following does NOT play a part in the transmission of salmonellosis?

Syphilis

Which of the following diseases are caused by a spiral-shaped organism?

Treponema pallidum

Syphilis is an infection caused by

coccus

Septic sore throat is caused by a

female reproductive tract

The disease known as puerperal sepsis occurs in the

facultative anaerobes

Those bacteria that prefer to live in the presence of free oxygen but can live in its absence are called

optimum temperature

The temperature at which a species of bacteria grows best is

autotrophic

An organism that can utilize inorganic matter as food is called

facultative parasite

A bacterium that prefers dead inorganic material, but can also obtain nourishment from living organic material is a/an

sporulating

Those spore forming bacteria that currently contain spores are called

mesophilic bacteria

Those bacteria that grow best at a relatively moderate temperature are called

minimum temperature

The lowest temperature at which growth for a species will take place is the

maximum temperature

The highest temperature at which growth for a species will take place is the

facultative anaerobe

A bacteria that grows and reproduces best in the presence of oxygen, but can also grow and reproduce in its absence , is a

alkalinity

pH is a method for measurement of

They are obligate saprophytes

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of viruses?

binary fission

Bacteria usually reproduce by

Mycobacterium

Which organism is acid fast positive?

thermophilic

Those bacteria that grow best at a relatively high temperature are

psychrophilic

Those bacteria that grow best at a relatively low temperature are

Yeasts

Which organisms are known as the "true fungi"?

virology

The study of the smallest microscopic life forms is

autolysis

Self digestion of tissue by enzymes of their own formation is called

Capsule

Which structure functions to protect the organism and to enhance its virulence?

Nucleic acid

Which structure contains the material of inheritance?

bacilli

Those bacteria that may be capable of forming spores are called

cocci

Those bacteria that are spherical in shape are called

bacilli

Rod-shaped bacteria are called

mycology

The study of true fungi is

microorganism

An animal or plant of microscopic size is called a

yeasts

Those eucaryotic, true fungi that reproduce by budding are called

bacteria

Cocci, bacilli, and spirilla are shapes of

multicellular

Molds are

unicellular

Living organisms that are composed of a single cell are said to be

protozoa

Microscopic one-celled animals are called

1/25000 of an inch

A micrometer is equal to approximately

Lymphogranuloma venereum

Which of the following is classified as a venereal disease?

procaryotic

The bacteria which contain nuclear bodies are

droplet spray

The most common mode of transmission for tuberculosis is

nuclear membrane

The cytoplasm of the typical eucaryotic cell is separated from the nucleus by the

nuclear body

The material of inheritance is contained within the

cell

The basic unit from which all living organisms are made is the

antibiosis

An association of two organisms that is detrimental to one is

an endoenzyme

An enzyme that is produced in a bacterial cell but retained inside the cell is

colony

A visible mass of bacterial growth resulting from the reproduction of a single cell is a

staphylococci

Spherical shaped bacteria that form grape-like clusters are called

bacilli

Spore formation is characteristic of only a few species of

the conditions for reproduction are not favorable

Spores are most likely to form when

increasing virulence

The presence of a capsule may affect a bacterium by

it is formed within the cell

The bacterial spore is called an endospore because

Psittacosis

Which of the following is caused by Chlamydia?

a micrometer

The size of bacteria is measured in a special unit called

cell

The smallest unit in which a living organism can survive independently is a

sporulating

Spore forming bacteria under unfavorable conditions are called

a protective device

Spore formation is characterized as

unsuitable living conditions

Spore formation occurs in response to

rabies

The respiratory tract is the primary portal of entry for all of the following virus diseases except

Candida

Monilia is used synonymously with

mumps

A viral disease primarily of man is

Sexual contact

What is the most common mode of transmission for gonorrhea?

Typhus fever

Which is NOT a viral disease?

Syphilis

Which is NOT a viral disease?

chlamydia

Lymphogranuloma venereum is caused by a

bubonic plague

Least likely to be a viral disease is

viruses

Antibiotics have thus far been ineffective against most varieties or types of

rickettsia

The causative agent of typhus fever is a

Serum hepatitis

Which of the following viruses is most likely transmitted from person to person by unsanitary injection procedures?

fungi

Mycology is the study of

a fungal infection

Ringworm arises from

Viruses

Which of the following require living cells for growth?

protozoa

Malaria is caused by

Rickettsia rickettsii

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by

exposure to blood

Serum hepatitis has been attributed to

Herpes simplex virus

A virus which causes fever blisters or cold sores is

bacterial toxins

Hemolysins and leucocidins are classified as

Q fever

Which of the following is caused by rickettsia?

cold temperatures

Which of the following is the least effective in the destruction of microbes?

unicellular

Protozoa may be classified as

lice

Epidemic typhus fevers are transmitted by

transmitted by air

Parrot fever is

protozoa

Malaria and amoebiasis are caused by

strict parasite

A virus is a

droplet spray

The common cold is transmitted by

hydrophobia

Rabies is also called

parasites

Rickettsia grow only as

rickettsia

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by

rickettsia

Q fever is caused by

fungi

Histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis are caused by

man, animals, insects

Viruses have been found to be capable of infecting

Food poisoning

Which of the following is caused by a member of the genus Staphylococcus?

fungus

Ringworm is caused by a

Candida

Which organism causes the disease known as thrush?

Mumps

Which disease is NOT dermatrophic?

Pneumotrophic

Which virus attacks the respiratory tract?

variola

Vaccination with cowpox virus will produce an immunity to

Sporozoa

Which protozoan parasite does NOT have a method for locomotion?

sterilization

The destruction of all microorganisms and their products is termed

an antiseptic

The inhibition of bacterial growth and reproduction without necessarily destroying the organisms is the result of

disinfection

The destruction of all pathogens and their products is termed

fungicide

An agent which destroys yeasts and molds is termed a/an

a fumigant

An agent which liberates the gases or fumes for the purpose of destruction of insects and microorganisms is called

steam under pressure

Which of the following is most efficient in destruction of microorganisms?

cold

Which one of these is primarily bacteriostatic in its action?

the common cold

The most often diagnosed viral infection is

heat

The most widely applicable and effective sterilizing agent is

respiratory tract

The usual portal of entry for pneumotropic viral diseases is the

boiling

Free-flowing steam is about equal to

121 degrees C

The autoclave usually generates a temperature of about

are bactericidal

The ultraviolet rays contained in direct sunlight

Rubella

German measles are more correctly known as

viscerotropic

What type of virus would have an affinity for the liver?

time of day

Which of the following is NOT a factor in the action of a chemical disinfectant?

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set