History - Chapter 5 Main Ideas

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Atakapa

The ________ lived a primitive lifestyle in the Calcasieu Parish area. Other tribes described them as cannibals. Their name beams "eaters of flesh".

Natchez

The primary village of the ______ people, called Grand Village was located on the eastern bluffs of the Mississippi. They had an unusual social structure. Their class system consisted of common people, called stinkards, nobles and chiefs. Everyone in the society, both men and women, wore tatoos showing their status. Their ruler was known as the "Great Sun".

Caddo

The ________ was the name of a specific tribe, but the French appplied it to a group of tribes. The Red River marked the home of these Indians. In 1835, they sold one million acres of land for $80,000, part in cash and part in trade goods in a treaty with the United States.

Choctaw

The ________ were the second largest tribe in the southeastern United States, occupying an area thet includes present-day Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. Their milia fought the British in the American Revolution and with Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans.

Houma

The primary village of the _______ Indians was near the river at Angola in West Feliciana Parish. Driven into the swamp and marsh, they learned to hunt, fish and trap. The live today mainly in Terrebonne and Lafourche parishes. They are recognized by the state of Louisiana as a tribe but not by the federal government.a

Tunica

The ________ Indians were great traders. After settling in central Louisiana they located their settlements near major waterways, taking advantage of an excellent trade route. They became major distributors of salt, a valuable trade good.

Chitimacha

The name of the ________ Indians means "people altogether red." They were ruled by one male chief who had charge over all the villages. In their closed society, a child belonged to the clan of the mother and the birth clan established the child's social class. Important rituals were conducted in the dance house. For a boy's rite of passage to manhood, he fasted and sought a vision to help him direct his adult life. They are the only Louisiana Indians known to live presently in their ancestral homeland.

Coushatta

The ________ Indians lived in clans made of many families. Each family had its own animal totem.They tried to stay neutral in the conflicts between Spain and the United States so they moved frequently along the border between Louisiana and Texas to avoid clashed between the two coutries. The crafts of the tribe included weaving beautiful cloth, rope and saddle blankets.They still maintain their native language.

Poverty Point

_________ is built by the Neo Indians and is that culture's largest earthworks. The large complex of mounds covers more than a square mile, about 400 acres. The huge design consists of six semicircular ridges, one inside the other, divided by four aisles. It contains 30 million loads of dirt.

Social Class

Many American Indians lived in villages that were organized according to ________.

Climate

Clothing was usually simple, made from available materials and suited to the ________.

Corn

_______ was the main food crop. Bear oil was valuable for cooking and was often traded.

Harmony

The religion of each tribe was based on the concept of sacred harmony. Harvest festivals were religious ceremonies.

Paleo

The ________ Indians are the oldest known tribe in Louisiana. The name of the tribe means "ancient".

Meso

The ________ Indians adapted their weapons for smaller game. They did not move around as much a previous tribes so they built more permanant housing.

Pottery

Learning to make ________ marks a big change in the lives of early Indians and marks one of the prehistoric periods.

Bow & Arrow

The development of the ________ around 500 A.D. made hunting deer easier.

Early Neo

The ________ Indians made more elaborate ornaments than people from earlier tiime periods and they traded for many items.

Late Neo

The _______ Indians switched from gathering to farming. By this time, they may have lived in one place year-round, so they could plant and harvest crops.

Intercropping

________ involved plantingt two or more crops with different harvest times in the same plot of land.

Peace

Tribes had war chiefs and ________ chiefs. Some tribes included women in their governments.

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