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Spain

nation that caused problem for the new gov. when it closed Miss. River to American Commerce

tariff

failed attempt to raise revenue and pressure the British under AOC

Shay's Rebellion

1786-Mass. farmers rebelled against state gov.

Alexander Hamilton

advocated "loose" interpertation of the "necessary and proper clause" to get national bank

Jefferson

John Adams' vice president;
known for "pell-mell" and informal entertaining

XYZ Affair

French demand in 1797-1798 for a bribe as a precondition to negotiations

House of Reps

winner of 1800 election chosen by this

Judiciary Act of 1801

purpose to maintain Federalists control of the judicial branch against Jeffersonianism

John Marshall

Chief Justice in Marbury vs. Madison

babary pirates

Jefferson entered small naval war because of their blackmail

Essex Junto

die-hard Federalists who organized scheme to break away from the Union and create "northern confederacy"

Washington DC

major city ruined by British in 1814

Era of Good Feelings

absence of evil politics; feeling of pride and economic boom

John Q. Adams

Monroe's Secretary of State; best-known political leader in north; won presidency in 1824 by HOR when no candidates recieved majority of votes

Dwight Clinton

NY politician; led Albany Regency political machine

William Crawford

Monroe's Security of Treasury; prominent Southern leader

Samuel Slater

first American factory developer

Francis Cabot Lowell

merchant who headed Boston Associates and owner of Waltham Mills

Waltham System

young women worked and lived under strict conditions

Republic of Liberia

established to get rid of former US slaves

Robert Fulton

invented the steamboat

McCulloch v. Maryland

upheld National Bank, strengthened implied powers of Congress and aided economic growth

Gibbons v. Ogden

regulated interstate commerce; defined commerce in broad sense

Federalists

collapsed as result of War of 1812

Monroe Doctrine

isolate US from Euro affairs; keep eastern hemisphere off of western; came about because French colonies were rebelling

canals

major improvement in the transportation network in the 1820s and 1830s

Dartmouth vs. Woodward

principal of contracts

Charles River Bridge Case

Supreme Court decision that promoted economic development by rejecting the absolute sanctity of contracts when they conflicted with improvements for the good of the whole community

Market Revolution

development that constituted the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers

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