# Math4 - Fractions, Factors, Exponents

## 15 terms

### prime number

a whole number greater than 1 whose only positive factors are 1 and itself

### composite number

a whole number greater than 1 that has positive factors other than 1 and itself

### prime factorization

a whole number written as the product of prime numbers

### factor tree

one method of finding the prime factorization of a number using a diagram

### monomial

a number, a variable, or a product of a number and one or more variables

### common factor

a whole number that is a factor of two or more nonzero whole numbers

### greatest common factor (GCF)

the greatest of the common factors of two or more nonzero whole numbers

### relatively prime

when the GCF of two whole numbers is 1

### simplest form

a fraction with a numerator and denominator that have a GCF of 1

### equivalent fractions

fractions that represent the same number

### multiple

the product of the number and any nonzero whole number

### common multiple

a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers

### least common multiple (LCM)

the least common multiple of two or more whole numbers

### least common denominator (LCD)

the least common multiple of the denominators in two or more fractions

### scientific notation

a method using powers of ten to write very small or very large numbers