Olive Branch Petition
peace petition from to George III declaring loyalty and asking for the Intolerable Acts to be repealed
Green Mountain Boys
colonial militia led by Ethan Allen who made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga
army established by the 2nd Continental Congress to fight the British
Colonist who favored war with Britain.
Colonist who remained loyal to Britain
Battle of Bunker Hill
1st major battle of the Revolution (1775).
the shutting of a port to keep people and supplies from getting in or out.
soldier who fights merely for pay; often a foreign national
1776 essay published by Thomas Paine, urging the colonies to declare independence.
person who wants to make drastic changes in society
a person who betrays their country
Declaration of Independence
1776 document stating that the 13 English Colonies were a free and independent nation
introduction to an official document
rights that belong to all people from birth
Battle of Long Island
1776 battle in New York - more than 1400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured
Battle of Trenton
1776 battle in New Jersey - George Washington and his troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack
Battle of Saratoga
1777 - 1st major American victory in the Revolution that ended the British threat to New England
nation that works with another for a common purpose
troops on horseback
Pennsylvania site of Washington's Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778
Battle of Cowpens
1781 battle in South Carolina - American victory
soldier who uses hit and run tactics
military blockade of enemy position in order to force a surrender
Battle of Yorktown
1781 battle in Virginia- final battle in the Revolution - forced the British to surrender
Treaty of Paris
1783 peace treaty between Britain and the United States that recognized the U.S. as an independent nation.