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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Plato
  2. Aristotle
  3. Solon
  4. Classical Age
  5. polis
  1. a one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. He explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
  2. b term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.
  3. c Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
  4. d Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.
  5. e a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
  2. Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
  3. Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.
  4. Greek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology.
  5. Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. They engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.

5 True/False questions

  1. PhoeniciansRuled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.

          

  2. helotsa self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.

          

  3. DracoAthenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian

          

  4. Hellenic CultureThe Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.

          

  5. secularismAthenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.

          

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