← Set 4- Greece Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. The Minoans engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
- b Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
- c ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- d Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
- e heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
- the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
- Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
- ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere
5 True/False Questions
Iliad and Odyssey → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
polis → Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Archimedes → (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
phonetic alphabet → an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
Acropolis → a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. The polis comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.