5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- phonetic alphabet
- Hellenistic Synthesis
- a a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
- b On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- c After Alexander's death, many Greeks left their over crowded homeland to settle in new lands creating cosmopolitan societies connected by trade and Greek culture. (India and Iran)
- d for many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece
- e an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
5 Multiple choice questions
- Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. They engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
- An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some, set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism.
- the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere
5 True/False questions
Classical Age → Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
secularism → The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. opposite of a theocracy.
Sparta → Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Pericles → Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.
Aristotle → ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams