← Set 4- Greece Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
- b ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere
- c Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, Phoenician merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- d Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. The Minoans engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
- e On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, the Mycenaeans developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC. The Mycenaean Age lasted from 1450 AD-1100 BC
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
- Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
- Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
- The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. A secular state is the opposite of a theocracy.
- Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
5 True/False Questions
Delian League → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
Archimedes → ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
Draco → one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Plato explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
polis → a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. The polis comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
Classical Age → term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.