5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Iliad and Odyssey
- Classical Age
- a Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
- b Greek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology.
- c heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
- d Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- e term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.
5 Multiple choice questions
- confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
- Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
- ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
- a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
5 True/False questions
monarchies → the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
Sparta → one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. He explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
tyrants → in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
Athens → a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
Archimedes → (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.