5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere
- b one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. He explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
- c An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some, set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism.
- d The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. opposite of a theocracy.
- e Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
5 Multiple choice questions
- in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
- On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
- Literally "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.
- heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
5 True/False questions
Delian League → Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.
Solon → Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Hellenistic Synthesis → The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
phonetic alphabet → Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
Iliad and Odyssey → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.