5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
- b Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, Phoenician merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- c Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
- d heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
- e Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
- The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. A secular state is the opposite of a theocracy.
- An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some imms. and former slaves. set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism
- ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
5 True/False Questions
Acropolis → Literally "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.
Mycenaean → On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, the Mycenaeans developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC. The Mycenaean Age lasted from 1450 AD-1100 BC
tyrants → Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Aristotle → ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
monarchies → ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere