← Set 4- Greece Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Hellenic Culture
- a heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
- b Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
- c Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
- d The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
- e The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. A secular state is the opposite of a theocracy.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some imms. and former slaves. set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism
- for many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece
- Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. The Minoans engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
- Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
- Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
5 True/False Questions
Iliad and Odyssey → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
Trieme → Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
Socrates → Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
phonetic alphabet → Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, Phoenician merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
Aristotle → Greek city-states controlled by nobles.