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audience

Anyone who functions as a discriminative stimulus evoking verbal behavior.

autoclitic

A secondary verbal operant in which some aspect of a speaker's own verbal behavior functions as an SD or an MO for additional speaker verbal behavior.

automatic punishment

Punishment that occurs independent of the social mediation by others (i.e., a response product serves as a punisher independent of the social environment).

automatic reinforcement

Reinforcement that occurs independent of the social mediation of others (e.g., scratching an insect bite relieves the itch).

convergent multiple control

Occurs when a single verbal response is a function of more than one variable and what is said has more than one antecedent source of control.

copying a text

An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a nonvocal verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity with the controlling response.

divergent multiple control

Occurs when a single antecedent variable affects the strength of more than one responses.

echoic

An elementary verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity with the response.

formal similarity

A situation that occurs when the controlling antecedent stimulus and the response or response product (a) share the same sense mode (e.g., both stimulus and response are visual, auditory, or tactile) and (b) physically resemble each other.

generic (tact) extension

A tact evoked by a novel stimulus that shares all of the relevant or defining features associated with the original stimulus.

impure tact

A verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by both an MO and a nonverbal stimulus; thus, the response is part mand and part tact.

intraverbal

An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus and that does not have point-to-point correspondence with that verbal stimulus.

listener

Someone who provides reinforcement for verbal behavior.

mand

An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by an MO and followed by specific reinforcement.

metaphorical (tact) extension

A tact evoked by a novel stimulus that shares some, but not all, of the relevant features of the original stimulus.

metonymical (tact) extension

A tact evoked by a novel stimulus that shares none of the relevant features of the original stimulus configuration, but some irrelevant yet related feature has acquired stimulus control.

convergent and divergent

The two types of multiple control.

point-to-point correspondence

A relation between the stimulus and response or response product that occurs when the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal stimulus matches the beginning, middle, and end of the verbal response.

solistic (tact) extension

A verbal response evoked by a stimulus property that is only indirectly related to the proper tact relation.

speaker

Someone who engages in verbal behavior by emitting mands, tacts, intraverbals, autoclitics, and so on.

tact

An elementary verbal operant evoked by a nonverbal discriminative stimulus and followed by generalized conditioned reinforcement.

textual

An elementary verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence, but not formal similarity, between the stimulus and the response product.

transcription

An elementary verbal operant involving a spoken verbal stimulus that evokes a written, typed, or finger-spelled response. There is point-to-point correspondence between the stimulus and the response product, but no formal similarity.

verbal behavior

Behavior whose reinforcement is mediated by a listener. Encompasses the subject matter usually treated as language and topics such as thinking, grammar, composition, and understanding.

echoic, copying a text, and imitation (as it relates to sign language)

The verbal relations with formal similarity are...

echoic, copying a text, imitation (as it relates to sign language), textual, and transcription

The verbal relations with point-to-point correspondence are...

solistic (tact) extension

Yogi Berra's classic malapropism: "Baseball is ninety percent mental; the other half is physical." is an example of...

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