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Mr. Carl's midterm exam for 2013. The test features over 100 multiple choice questions all featured on these note cards.

 During which event did the first fighting between redcoats and minutemen occur?

Battle of Lexington

 Who wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense arguing that the time had come for American independence?

Thomas Paine

 Which of the following officially ended the Revolutionary War and set the boundaries of the new nation?

Treaty of Paris

 What power did the Articles of Confederation give to the national government?

Declare War

 Which group largely supported adding a bill of rights to the Constitution?

Anti-federalists

 Colonial opposition to the Stamp Act was stronger than opposition to the Sugar Act because

The Stamp Act affected colonists directly

 One direct result of the Intolerable Acts was

The Boston Tea Party

 The argument against tyranny found in Common Sense was supported by

Patriots

 The arrival of the Marquis de Lafayette meant that

Americans troops gained reinforcements and confidence

 The result of Shay's Rebellion was to demonstrate that

The government set up by the Articles of the Confederation were ineffective

 The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in order to

appease the anti federalists concern over individual rights

 Why is the election of 1800 significant?

Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tie number of electoral votes. After Alexander Hamilton votes for Jefferson, who would become president, political power shifted between parties peacefully.

 Which of the following is not an effect of the War of 1812?

Anything that isn't:
1.) Increased American Patriotism
2.) Weakened American Resistance
3.) U.S. manufacturing grew

 Andrew Jackson referred to the election of 1824 as the result of a corrupt bargain when _______ was name Secretary of State.

Henry Clay

 Who is credited with the invention of the cotton gin providing for the continued economic growth in the South as well as a dependency on slave labor?

Eli Whitney

 The practice of rewarding political supporters with government positions is known as...

The Spoils System

 The forced march of the Cherokee from the homelands in Georgia to the West is called...

The Trail of Tears

 How was Alexander Hamilton able to change the national debt from a weakness to a national strength?

Supported centralized government, assumed state debts, created a national bank, established important tariff and whiskey tax.

 Why did President Jefferson send Lewis and Clark out west?

To explore the Louisiana Purchase

 Which of the following is not considered a major reform movement in the mid 1800s?

Anything that isn't
1.) 2nd Great Awakening
2.) Abolition Reform
3.) Women's Rights Reform

 Which event was a direct result of the Compromise of 1850?

California was admitted as a free state.

 Under popular sovereignty, who would decide whether slavery would be allowed in a territory?

The residents of the territory

 What did the Supreme Court declare in the Dred Scott decision?

Blacks weren't citizens and Congress couldn't outlaw slavery in the territories

 When the Civil War began, what was Abraham Lincoln's main goal?

To restore the union

 In which of the following areas did the South have an advantage over the North in the Civil War?

Military Leadership

 Why is the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War?

It made the South give up on the idea of invading the North

 Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address?

Haha, like I'm gonna remember this.

 What key difference between the North and the South ultimately led to the Civil War?

Slavery

 What was John Brown's aim at Harpers Ferry?

To seize a federal arsenal and start a widespread slave uprising

 Which was not part of the Union's three-part plan to conquer the South?

Drafting freed slaves to fight for the Union

 What was an important effect of the Emancipation Proclamation?

Made it impossible for foreign countries to aid the South

 Which of the following does not describe the battle of Gettysburg?

Anything that doesn't fall under the description of - "It was a three-day fight fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Union won this battle and it was the "beginning of the end" for Confederate armies"

 Why did new Republican governments in the South after the Civil War have difficulty?

Southerners resisted Reconstruction

 Why did the federal government eventually send troops into the South?

To enforce Reconstruction

 Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?

Electricity

 In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

 What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?

Mass production of iron and steel

 Who organized the Industrial Workers of the World?

Large groups of Unionists, Anarchists, and Socialists

 All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s except...

Anything that isn't:
1.) A wealth of natural resources
2.) A government support for business
3.) A Growing urban population

 Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following except

Anything that isn't
1.) Buying out his suppliers
2.) Cutting quality of his products
3.) Underselling his competitors

 In the late 1800s, collective bargaining was a technique used to

Expand industry

 The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit

Railroad companies and train travelers

 Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except

Anything that isn't
1.) The existence of poverty
2.) The success of big business
3.) The power of millionaire industrialists

 Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves

buying out raw material distributors and producers

 The Interstate Commerce Act gave the right to supervise railroad activities to

The federal government

 Which of the following led to government regulation of business during the Gilded Age?

Unfair business practices

 Why did immigration laws discriminate against the Chinese?

Because the Chinese had been taking up jobs. Also, nativism and White supremacy discriminated against the Chinese

 What was the major reason why some immigrants were denied entry?

Disease or lack of money

 Which of the following was a major result of both immigration and the increased productivity of factories in the post-Reconstruction era?

Country had been producing more goods

 Why did many immigrants support city political machines?

Helped them find work

 According to nativists, what was a major cause of urban problems?

Immigrants

 What common goal was shared by prohibitionists and purity crusaders?

improve the morals and behaviors of Americans

 What was the main goal of the social gospel and settlement movements?

Improve living conditions for the poor

 In the 1890s, immigration patterns shifted dramatically with most immigrants coming from

Southern and Eastern European countries

 Each of the following contributed to rapid urbanization in the late 1800s except

Invention of the automobile

 Political machines gained power in the late 1800s largely because they

Provided jobs for immigrants

 Most settlement houses in the late 1800s offered poor city-dwellers

Social services

 All of following are goals of Progressivism EXCEPT:

They represented farmers and the working class

 Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle with what objective in mind?

To expose the corruption of the meat-packaging industry

 This President busted 90 trusts in a four year term of office, but gets little credit for his effort:

William Howard Taft

 All of the following ran for president in the 1912 election EXCEPT:

Anybody except:
1.) William Taft
2.) Theodore Roosevelt
3.) Woodrow Wilson

 The Federal Reserve System was established to

Regulate the nation's money supply

 The progressive movement regarded all of the following as worthy goals except

Promoting business monopolies

 Muckrakers were

writers who exposed the corruption of the government

 All of the following were actively involved in securing the right to vote for women except

Florence Kelley

 The first person to use the presidency as a "bully pulpit" was

Theodore Roosevelt

 The primary goal of the NAACP was

Equality among the races

 Which of the following was not a result of the introduction of the assembly line?

Decreased Productivity

 Who gained most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment?

The people

 Which of the following best states the primary goal of prohibitionists?

To rid of alcohol in the U.S.

 Why were early progressive attempts to enact federal bans on child labor unsuccessful?

They had very minimal support

Which strategy was not employed by woman suffragists to obtain their goal?

Anything that isn't marching, picketing, and going to jail

Which statement best characterizes Roosevelt's position on trusts?

Some trusts were harmful to the public interest

Which statement best characterizes the position of Gifford Pinchot toward land conservation?

A multi-use land program was viable

Which of the following actions led to the defeat of Taft in 1912?

His failure to unify the Republican Party

What was the primary motivation for passage of the Sixteenth Amendment?

To replace revenue lost by enacting lower tarrifs

What effect did World War I have on the suffragist movement?

It hastened passage and ratification of the 19th Amendment

Which of the following did not stimulate U.S. imperialism?

need for a source of cheap labor

Which country's residents became citizens of the United States in 1917?

Puerto Rico

Who told the artist Frederic Remington, "You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war"?

William Randolph Hearst

For which action did Theodore Roosevelt win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize?

Negotiating the end of a war between Russia and Japan

In which of the following conflicts were U.S. military troops not involved?

The Boxer Rebellion

Which of the following did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution?

Platt Amendment

On what did the Roosevelt Corollary build?

Monroe Doctrine

What was included in the de Lôme letter?

Criticisms of Presidnt McKinley

What war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898?

Spanish American War

What was the purpose of the Foraker Act?

To end militray rule and set up civil government in Puerto Rico

All of the following were imperialist powers in the late 1800s except

China

José Martí, a Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York, organized a guerrilla campaign to destroy American-owned property in Cuba in order to

Provoke U.S. intervention in China

All of the following countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War except

Hawaii

 General John J. Pershing led a force of fifteen thousand soldiers in an attempt to capture

Pancho Villa

 Of the following statements, the one that best reflects an anti-imperialist attitude is

"If not necessary to won people, trade with them"

 The Boxer Rebellion was an attempt by Chinese revolutionaries to

Remove foreign influence from China

 The United States gained control of the land it needed to build the Panama Canal by

Invading and attacking Colombia

 The Open Door Policy was designed as a way for the United States to further

Open its trade interests

 The rapid growth of industry in the United States helped fuel imperialism because

The U.S. was producing too many of goods for its own people to buy

 Teddy Roosevelt's approach to foreign policy reflected the proverb "Speak softly and carry a big stick" because

His negotiations were always back by the threat of military force

 Though not cause of World War I which event marks the start of the conflict?

The assassination of Austria-Hungarian archduke, Franz Ferdinand

 Which of the following best describes the first few years of World War I?

Both sides were locked into a stalemate

 Which of the following was a major factor in the United States' decision to enter World War I?

Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare

 Which was true of African Americans during World War I?

They were segregated and rarely allowed to fight

 How did most women contribute to the war effort?

They replaced the jobs of men overseas

 What role did the federal government play in the economy during the war?

The government regulated the production of war goods

 Which of the following was not an effect of World War I on life in the United States?

Anything that isn't:
1.) Women began to gain equality
2.) America could no longer remain neutral
3.) More trade conducted with the allies

 Why did many senators oppose the Versailles Treaty?

They didn't want to commit to the League of Nations

 Which of the following made postwar adjustment difficult for the United States?

There was no plan to merge returning soldiers back into society

 In the early 1900s, Germany was a(n)

growing power

 During the early years of World War I, the United States

remained neutral

 All of the following convinced the United States to enter World War I except

Anything that isn't:
1.) Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare
2.) Zimmerman Note
3.) Economic ties to the Allies (loaning money)
4.) The Russian Revolution

 Most African Americans who served during World War I

segregated from their White peers

 After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917,

he caused the Red Scare hysteria in the U.S.

 The government tried to control the economy during World War I by

By rationing, imposed price controls, and introduced daylight savings

 Fear of spies and sabotage in the United States during the war resulted in

National Espionage Act

 At the end of the war, President Wilson and Congress disagreed most over

League of Nations/Treaty of Versailles

 The immediate postwar years in the United States were best described as a period of

Isolationism

 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with, and convicted of,

Murder and armed robbery

 To expand its membership in the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan engaged in all of the following except

Encouraging White woman to join the organization

 policies of the 1920s limited immigration from all of the following countries except

Mexico

 Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer believed that he needed to protect the American people from

Political radicals

 During the 1920s, union membership

Dropped considerably

 The first practical peacetime use of airplanes was for

Carrying mail

The main factor causing urban sprawl in the 1920s was...?

The automobile

 The Teapot Dome scandal centered around

Oil-rich lands

 The Fordney-McCumber Tariff was meant to

Raise taxes on goods entering the U.S.

 To protect their own interests, employers often accused striking workers of being

communists

 It was difficult to enforce the laws governing prohibition for all of the following reasons except

Prohibition banned all alcohol manufactured in the U.S.

 To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden nightclubs known as

Speakeasies

 The Harlem Renaissance refers to

Celebration of African American culture in literature and art

 John T. Scopes challenged a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of

Evolution

 Fundamentalists believed that

The bible should be taken literally

 "Double standard" refers to

Stricter social and moral standards for women rather than men

 F. Scott Fitzgerald described the 1920s as the

Jazz Age

 Charles Lindbergh was famous as a(n)

pilot

 The NAACP did all of the following except

Support the back to Africa movement

 Jazz music was born in New Orleans and was spread to the North by such musicians as

Louis Armstrong

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