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submission, surrender

Islam means this

someone who has submitted himself to Allah

the literal meaning of Muslim

Mecca

Muhammad's birthplace

570 A.D.

Muhammad's birthdate

Khadijah

Muhammad's wife

City of the Prophet

Medina means this

Yathrib

the place Muhammad fled to after being kicked out of Mecca

622 A.D.

the year Muhammad fled Mecca

630 A.D.

the year Muhammad returned to Mecca and conquered it

632 A.D.

the year Muhammad died

Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Moses, Jesus

The line of prophets before Muhammad

Shi'ites

believe that Muhammad made his son-in-law his successor after his death

Sunni

believe that Muhammad made his father-in-law his successor after his death

Ali

the name of Muhammad's son-in-law

Abu Bakr

the name of Muhammad's father-in-law

imams

the successors of Ali in the Shi'ite tradition

Caliphs

the successors of Abu Bakr in the Sunni tradition

sunna; custom, tradition

the etymology of Sunni (word; meaning 1, meaning 2)

reading, recitation

translation of "Qu'ran"

114

Number of surahs in the Qu'ran

Surah

a chapter of the Qu'ran

Shahadah

Islamic profession of faith

Shalah

ritual prayer celebrated five times throughout the day

Zakah

almsgiving

Sawm

fasting

Hajj

pilgrimage to Mecca

Hadith

sayings of Muhammad

tariqah

the spiritual path of perfection and union with God

qiblah

the orientation towards Mecca during prayer

Ka'bah

the holy shrine in Mecca

"I testify that there is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet"

the Islamic profession of faith in English

Al-Islam

the first stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism

Al-iman

the second stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism

Al-ihnsan

the third stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism

voluntary obedience to shariah

Al-Islam

faith

Al-iman

perfect virtue

Al-ihnsan

rasul

Gabriel calls Muhammad this

messenger, apostle

meaning of rasul

nabi

Gabriel doesn't call Muhammad this

prophet

meaning of nabi

parakletos

means "Holy Spirit"

periclytos

Muslims claim that this is the correct translation of a word in John's Gospel

famous, renowned, glorious

meaning of periclytos

to seem, to appear

Docetism comes from words that mean these (two things)

sufa (purity), suf (white wool)

Sufism comes from these arabic words: word (translation), word (translation)

"In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most merciful"

Every Surah begins with this phrase

1922

the end of the Ottoman Empire

1000-1300 A.D.

crusades for the Holy land

Charles Martel

person who stops the Muslim expansion

732 A.D.

year Charles Martel stops the Muslim expansion

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