MPA (Marine protected areas)
An area of ocean protected from some or all human activities.
Integrated coastal management
A community-based effort to develop and use coastal resources more sustainably.
Adaptive ecosystem management
Attempt to develop workable, cost-effective, and adaptable solutions that preserve biodiversity and environmental quality while meeting economic and social needs.
Maximum sustained yield
It involves using a mathematical model to project the maximum number of fish that can be harvested annually from a fish stock without causing a population drop.
Optimum sustained yield
This approach attempt to take into account interactions with other species and to provide more room for error.
An approach which takes into account a number of species competitive and predator-prey interactions.
ITQ's (Individual transfer quotas)
A market based system used by some countries to help control access to fisheries. The government gives each fishing vessel owner a specified percentage of the total allowable catch (TAC) for a fishery in a given year.
Rivers or segments of rivers that are relatively inaccessible and untamed and that are not permitted to be widened, straightened, dredged, filled, or dammed.
Free of dams, mostly undeveloped, accessible in some places by roads, and of great scenic value.
Rivers or sections of rivers that are readily accessible by roads and that may have some dams or development along their shores.