Someone who belongs to the Church of England (the Anglican Church).
Governor of the Plymouth colony from 1621-1657.
The main religious leader of the Plymouth colony for many years. (c.1566-1643)
A citizen of a certain area (such as Jamestown in Virginia).
Churches that were based on the religious teachings of a Frenchman named John Calvin.
A settlement made by people who leave their own country to settle in another land, but who still remain citizens of their original country.
All the ways of living developed by a group of people or a nation.
HOUSE OF BURGESSES
The first representative legislature in the thirteen American colonies organized at Jamestown in 1619 which included a governor and elected representatives (Burgesses) from eleven plantations.
To be made to feel more humble or less full of pride.
JAMES THE FIRST
James Stuart, King of England, 1603-1625, a firm believer in the divine right of kings and enemy of Puritans and Pilgrims. His laws on religion made the Pilgrims leave England.(1566-1625)
The steps taken to establish the laws that govern a nation.
A group of people elected to make laws.
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY
A Puritan Colony started by John Winthrop near Plymouth around 1630.
The ship that carried the Pilgrims to New England in the autumn of 1620.
A document signed by 41 male passengers of the Mayflower on November 21, 1620, before they landed in New England. agreed to make and abide by certain laws in their new colony. governing by consent, as well as of having a written framework for a government (the Constitution),
A group of wealthy Londoners who gave money to the Plymouth Colonists to start their colony. The company took one-half of everything the colony could produce in seven years' time.
People who journey to holy places.
The first successful English Colony in New England founded in 1620.
Daughter of a Native American chief. She married John Rolfe, saved the life of Captain John Smith, and visited the Jamestown colony many times. She died of the European disease called "smallpox," which killed many Native Americans.
People who wanted to "purify" the Church of England by having very plain religious services and buildings and by having stricter rules. The Pilgrims (Separatists) were these people who broke away from the Church of England. The Puritans did not break away from the Church of England.
1585-1622 An early plantation owner who developed a better way of raising and curing the tobacco that was grown by the Jamestown colonists. The "sweet" tobacco he developed brought prosperity to the colonists of Virginia.
Puritans who believed that only by separating from the Church of England was it possible to find true religious freedom. People who founded the Plymouth colony.
CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH
An English explorer and map maker. He was a good leader and became the governor of the Jamestown Colony.1580-1631
The English-speaking Native American who showed the Plymouth colonists how to plant corn, hunt for game, find fish, and locate paths through the wilderness.
The American holiday that can be traced back to the harvest feast celebrated at Plymouth in November of 1621. In 1789, President George Washington made November 26th this national day.