NAME: ________________________

Question Types


Start With


Question Limit

of 21 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Indeterminacy
  2. intramodal interference
  3. implicit encoding
  4. functional equivalence
  5. conceptual-propositional theory
  1. a A. Theoretical Claims:
    1. ALL information stored in Propositional codes
    --sentence-like: CHASED (Dog, Cat)

    --it is these propositional codes which do all the work when we answer visual-spatial questions?

    2. All spatial information must be Explicitly represented, or able to be inferred from other explicitly-stated propositions:
    BEHIND (Jim, Todd)
    BEHIND (Annie, Jim)
    Therefore, .....


    3. All information stored is conceptually dependent.
    -E.g., Piaget's children without knowledge of
    Geocentric levels in tilted beaker experiment

    4. Epiphenomenalism: though people may have a subjective experience of having generated an image, the image itself is non-causal to being able to answer an imagery-type question
  2. b -Images leave out significant details, and cannot be re-analyzed for those details the way that pictures can.
    *E.g., image of a tiger does not specify an exact number of stripes
  3. c (part of spatial equivalence)

    -Kosslyn: image & perception share a "visual buffer"
    a. Brooks (1968)
    --Visual/Verbal Task x Visual/Verbal Response

    RT (in sec) as a function of Task x Response Mode
    *table shown with this info*
    *(also implicit encoding of spatial information)*
  4. d don't know 2.
  5. e -spatial relations can be implicitly represented in a picture/ image (without explicit attention ever having been paid to the spatial relations).

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -images can be scanned, rotated, etc. in the same way as actual pictures or spatial stimuli
    E.g., "mentally" walking around one's house
    1. Mental Rotation
    a. Letter Rotation
    --when NOT told to use imagery (Cooper & Shepard, 1973)

    ***pictured: normal F and rotated F***

    --when told explicitly to use imagery (Cooper, 1976): start rotating figure; closer the second letter was to calculated orientation, faster the RT.
    b. Block Figures Rotation in 2- and 3-dimensions (Shepard & Metzler, 1971)

    ***pictured: 3D block configurations***

    c. Polygon rotation independent of stimulus complexity (Cooper, 1975)
  2. -a mental representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents; mental images can occur in many and perhaps all sensory modalities
  3. (Shepard, Kosslyn, Finke)

    -mental images are Analog/ Geometric representations of visual stimuli; and are "functional isomorphs" to Euclidean space (Shepard)

    -*visual imaging is functionally equivalent to seeing, with our "mind's eye"
  4. (Kosslyn, Reiser, Farah, Fliegel, 1983)

    -a. Takes longer to construct more detailed images, or those described as having more parts, e.g., "two overlapping rectangles" vs. "five squares in form of a cross"

    Or,
    -----Four columns of dots, 3 per column, vs. Three rows of dots, 4 per row


    -b. The smaller the image size (or smaller the part/detail asked about), the longer the RT

    --does a rabbit have ears, vs.does a rabbit have whiskers? (more obvious in our image generation that a rabbit has ears)

    (also structural equivalence)
  5. -Elements of an experimental situation that might cause a participant to perceive the situation in a certain way or become aware of the purpose of the study and thus bias the participant to behave in a certain way, and in so doing, distort results.

5 True/False Questions

  1. analogical representation(Kosslyn, Reiser, Farah, Fliegel, 1983)

    -a. Takes longer to construct more detailed images, or those described as having more parts, e.g., "two overlapping rectangles" vs. "five squares in form of a cross"

    Or,
    -----Four columns of dots, 3 per column, vs. Three rows of dots, 4 per row


    -b. The smaller the image size (or smaller the part/detail asked about), the longer the RT

    --does a rabbit have ears, vs.does a rabbit have whiskers? (more obvious in our image generation that a rabbit has ears)

    (also structural equivalence)

          

  2. parallel processing-The processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, including vision. Contrasts with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 210)

          

  3. spatial equivalence-Represents like pictures (not like sentences).
    -Location, size, and distance are arranged in an image as they are in physical space.
    --spatial relations among objects in an array are preserved

    --1) Intramodal Interference
    ------Kosslyn: image & perception share a "visual buffer"
    --------a. Brooks (1968)
    ----------Visual/Verbal Task x Visual/Verbal Response

          

  4. mental rotation-a mental representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents; mental images can occur in many and perhaps all sensory modalities

          

  5. propositions-A term used in logic to describe the content of assertions. Assertions are non-linguistic abstractions from sentences and can be evaluated as either true or false.
    -The nature of ____________ is highly controversial amongst philosophers, many of whom are skeptical about the existence of _____________.
    -Many logicians prefer to avoid use of the term, in favour of using sentences

          

Create Set