ACS 8 SS Ch. 4

Created by arosales Teacher

14 terms

Crete

a Greek island in the Mediterranean, SE of mainland Greece

Mycenae

an ancient city in S Greece

Peloponnesus

a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc.

peninsula

an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland

colony

a group of people who leave their native country to form a settlement in a new land subject to, or connected with, the parent nation

polis

an ancient Greek city-state

agora

a marketplace or a public square that often served as a political meeting place

Sparta

an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers

Athens

a city in and the capital of Greece; an ancient city state

tyrant

a ruler who uses power oppressively or unjustly; total authority

oligarchy

a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few

democracy

government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system

Helot

a member of the lowest class in Sparta (Laconia), constituting a body of serfs who were bound to the land and were owned by the state

Persia

an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334-331 B.C.

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