Religion Midterm 2

78 terms by meganalope

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Deborah

Judge and prophetess. Name means "Mother of Israel." Identified as Israel's founder.

The Song of Deborah

Second oldest passage in the Bible.

Ehud

Kills the Moabite King Eglon. The Israelites were rallied and invaded Moab and were successful.

Jephthah

Leads Israel to war against the Ammonites. Swears to God that he will sacrifice the first thing to come out of the gate when he gets home.

Samson

Nazarite who marries Philistine woman and wars against them when her family takes her back. Unclear whether or not he is a judge.
Betrayed by Delilah.

Delilah

Makes deal with Philistines to find source of Samson's strength.

Samuel

Last of the judges who anoints the first king of Israel. Son of Hannah. Replaces Eli.

Saul

First king of Israel. Anointed by Samuel. From the tribe of Benjamin. Kills himself.

David

Kills Goliath. Marries Saul's daughter Michal. Anointed by Samuel and becomes second king of Israel.

Jonathon

Son of Saul who dies in battle with him.

Hebron

David's first capital.

Michal

Daughter of Saul who marries David.

Goliath

Philistine warrior. Brought down by David who uses a sling. David then cuts off his head with his own sword.

Abiathar

Mushite Priest of Adonijah.

Adonijah

Proclaimed himself king after his father David. Opposed by Bathsheba and Solomon. Supported by his chief priest Abiathar and father's general over the people Israel, Joab.

Nathan

Prophet who backs Solomon for king instead of Adonijah.

Abishag

Most beautiful virgin in the kingdom brought to David. He cannot perform sexually with her, and can no longer be king.

Bathsheba

Wife or Uriah the Hittite who David gets pregnant. Mother of Solomon.

Uriah the Hittite

Husband of Bathsheba who David orders Joab to send to the front lines and have the rest of the Israelite army retreat.

Zadok

Aaronid priest of David and Solomon.

Absalom

Son of David and Gesherite princess. Kills his brother Amnon who raped Tamar. Betrays David by sleeping with his 10 concubines.

Amnon

Oldest son of David. Rapes his half sister Tamar and is killed by his brother Absalom.

Tamar

Daughter of David. Full sister of Absalom. Raped by half brother Amnon.

Solomon

Son of David and Bathsheba. Third King of Israel.

Baal Zebub

"Lord of the Flies" Deity worshipped in the Philistine city of Ekron.

Rehoboam

Eldest son of Solomon. Becomes the King of Judah when Israel rebels.

Jeroboam

Israelite officer from northern tribe who leads Israel's succession.

Ahab

Husband of Jezebel. King of Israel during the time of the prophet Elijah.

Jezebel

Wife of King Ahab. Oppressed the prophets of YHWH.

Elijah

Prophet during the time of King Ahab. Used for last public miracle at Mount Carmel.

Elisha

Prophet who succeeded Elijah.

Nebuchadnezzar

King of Babylonian empire who captured Judah and Jerusalem and sent the Jews into exile.

Cyrus

Founder of the Persian Empire who gave the Jewish exiles the right to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. Conquered Babylon and Egypt.

Ezra

Scribe, Aaronid Priest, and Jewish exile in Babylon. Appointed governor of Judah by the king of Persia.

Hezekiah

Great king of Judah. Rebels against Assyrian emperor Sennacherib. Pushed religious centralization. Removes high places. Even destroyed the Nehushtan.

Sennacherib

Assyrian Emperor who conquers Israel and most of Judah. Tries to take Jerusalem and defeat Hezekiah.

Isaiah

Used for last miracle in the Bible when he directs Hezekiah's shadow. Prophet.

Josiah

Considered greatest king of all for Judah. Removes high places. King when Hilkiah finds a book of the Torah.

Hilkiah

Mushite priest who finds a book of the Torah in the house of the Lord. Gives book to Shaphan to read to King Josiah.

Esther

Jewish girl taken by Ahasuerus King of Persia as a wife. Responsible for the salvation of the Jews from the hand of Haman.

Haman

Second in command to Ahasuerus. Convinces Ahasuerus to give him permission to destroy the Jews.

Mordecai

Uncle of Esther who refuses to bow down to Haman.

Ahasuerus

King of Persia who takes Esther as his wife.

Baruch ben Neriah

Scribe and disciple of the prophet Jeremiah.

Nehemiah

Closely involved in the affairs of Ezra. Helps in rebuilding Jerusalem.

Shishak

Egyptian king and supporter of Jeroboam. Captured Jerusalem, where he pillaged the temple and royal palace, and carried away Solomon's "shields of gold."

Jeremiah

Prophet who went with the people down to Egypt after Gedaliah was assassinated.

Huldah

Prophetess who is consulted concerning the book that Hilkiah finds. Prophesied the fall of Judah.

Naboth

Owner of a vineyard that King Ahab desires. Killed under the orders of Jezebel.

Gideon

Judge who leads Israel against Midianites. Asked to be king of Israel and refuses.

Jonathan son of Gershom

The first of the Danite Priesthood, and thought to be the grandson of Moses. (Thus, first of the Mushite priests.)

corvee

A type of forced labor. Solomon practiced this. (missim)

judge

Leaders in early Israel. Leaders before the Israelite kings. Usually military leaders.

nabi^

Prophet.

high place

Like a local sanctuary. People could sacrifice there instead of at the temple.

doublet

What a duplicated story is called in the Bible.

Nehushtan

Bronze snake made by Moses.

Documentary Hypothesis

Also called the Wellhuasen hypothesis, holds that the five books of moses was derived from originally independent parallel and complete narratives and combined by a serious of redactors.

Deuteronomistic History

Deuteronomy + the next 6 books.

Elijah

Prophet of Ahab.

Ahijah

Prophet of Jeroboam.

Samuel

Prophet of Saul.

Nathan

Prophet of David.

Huldah

Prophet of Josiah.

Isaiah

Prophet of Hezekiah.

Jeremiah

Prophet of Zedekiah.

Joab

General backing Adonijah. General of Israelite draft army.

Benaiah

General backing Solomon. General of professional army.

Anathoth

Where does Solomon banish Abiathar to?

Ishbaal

Son of Saul who is king of Israel in the North while David is king in the South.

Abner

General of Ishbaal who helped David gain control of Israel. Killed by Joab.

Cheretites and Peletites

Two groups making up the professional army of David.

Zedekiah

The last king of Judah.

Gedaliah

Appointed governor over the Jews by Nebuchadnezzar. His assassination leads to the exile.

Ezekiel

Prophet that went to Babylon during the exile.

Ezra

First to call the first five the "Five books of Moses."

Martin Noth

German scholar who proposed the seven book Deuteronomistic History.

Cross

Scholar who said Deuteronomistic History was written in 2 editions.

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