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ad hominem argument

an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason

allegory

using the story as a symbol, usually for a moral truth or a generalization about human existence

allusion

direct or indirect reference: historical, mythological, religious, or literary

ambiguity

multiple meanings which could cause confusion or be unclear

analogy

a comparison or relationship between two different things

antecedent

word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun

aphorism

terse statement expressing a general truth or moral principle

atmosphere

emotional mood created by the entirety of the work

colloquial/colloquialism

use of slang or informalities

connotation

non literal, implied and suggested meaning; not direct

denotation

literal dictionary meaning

diction

author's word choice

didactic

instructive; teaching

euphemism

more agreeable/less offensive wording

figurative language

writing that is meant to be imaginative and vivid

generic conventions

traditions for each genre

hyperbole

deliberate exaggeration for effect

inference/infer

to draw reasonable conclusions from presented information.

invective

emotionally violent, verbal attack using strong, abusive language

irony

contrast between what appears to be and what is

verbal irony

words that literally state the opposite of the true meaning

situational irony

events turn out the opposite of what is expected

dramatic irony

when the audience knows more than the characters

parallelism

grammatical formatting of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity

pedantic

scholarly or bookish

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