Chapter 19 Prentice Hall America History Of Our Nation Civil War To The Present

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Civil service

A system that includes most government jobs (take a test to become a government official)

Primary

An election where voters choose their party's candidate

Recall

The process which people may vote to remove a elected government official from office

Initiative

A process that allows voters to put a bill before state legislator
(propose a law)

Referendum

A way for people to vote directly on a proposed new law

Graduated Income Tax

A method of taxation that taxes people at different rates depending on income

Muckraker

A term for a crusading journalist

When was the gilded age

The period after the civil war

What were two concerns of the Gilded Age?

1) wealthy men were enriching themselves at the public's expense
2) corruption in the government

What was the spoils system?

The practice of awarding political supporters with government jobs

What does the interstate commerce act do?

It forbade practices such as rebates and set up the interstate commerce commission

What did the interstate commerce commission do?

It oversaw railroads

What did the Sherman anti-trust act do?

It prohibited businesses from trying to limit or destroy competition

Who was William Tweed otherwise known as Boss Tweed?

A boss that took corruption to extremes and cheated New York out of a lot of money

What was the first state to adopt a primary?

Wisconsin

What reforms gave power to voters?

Recall; Initiative; Referendum

What did the sixteenth amendment do?

Gave congress the power to ratify an income tax

What did the seventeenth amendment do?

It required the direct election of senators

How did muckrakers stir public opinion?

They exposed corruption and other problems

Theodore Roosevelt

A president that was a strong supporter of progressive goals

Trustbuster

A person working to destroy monopolies and trusts

Conservation

The protection of natural resources

National Park

A natural area protected and managed by the federal government

William Howard Taft

Ran for president and won when Roosevelt didn't want to run again

Woodrow Wilson

A democratic progressive president

What was Theodore's attitude against big business?

He liked big business but said the government must either control bad trusts or break them up

What did president Roosevelt do about the miners on strike in Pensilvania in 1902?

He sided with the strikers and threatened to send troops in to run the mines

What was Roosevelt's square deal?

That everyone should have the same opportunity to succeed

Why did Roosevelt support conservation?

He believed that resources should be used wisely and didn't want to waste them

What did the pure food and drug act do?

It required all food and drug makers to list all the ingredients on packages

How did Taft lose progressive support?

He signed a bill that raised tariffs and modified some conservation policies

How did Woodrow Wilson win the election?

The republican vote was split between taft and Roosevelt

Carrie Chapman Catt

A suffragist who devised a plan to win the vote state by state

Suffragist

People who worked for women's right to vote

Alice Paul

A suffragist who met with Woodrow Wilson

Frances Willard

The president of the WCTU

Prohibition

Ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol

Who formed the national woman's suffrage association?

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony

Why did women win the rights to vote only in the western states at first?

Because in the west women worked alongside men and these states recognized their contribution

What did the nineteenth amendment do?

Allowed woman to vote in all elections

What was the first university to give a woman a PhD?

Boston University

What does WCTU stand for?

Women's Christian Temperance Union

What did the nineteenth amendment do?

It enforced prohibition

Booker T Washington

An African American who advised other African Americans to move up gradually in society

W.E.B Du Bois

An African American who advised African Americans to fight discrimination

Lynching

Murder by a mob

Parochial Schools

Schools sponsored by a church

Anti-Semitism

Prejudice against Jews

On what grounds did WEB Du Bois disagree with Booker T Washington?

WEB Du Bois did not want to accept segregation while Booker T Washington did

What are barrios?

Ethnic Mexican-American neighborhoods

Why did emigration from Mexico rise after 1910?

Revolution and famine swept Mexico

What is a mutualista?

Mutual aid groups

What was the gentlemen's agreement?

Japan would stop sending workers to the US and in exchange the US would allow Japanese women to join their husbands who were already in the country

What does the Anti-Defamation league do?

It works to promote understanding and fight prejudice against Jews

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