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rome republic

power rests w/ citizens who elect leaders

roman patrician

wealthy landowner

roman plebeian

Belonging to the common people

imperator

emperor

christianity

a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior

clergy

clergymen collectively (as distinguished from the laity)

laity

everyone except the clergy

hannibal

a town in northeast Missouri on the Mississippi River

julius caesar

conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)

augustus

Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC

pax romana

the Roman peace

twelve tables

Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.

law of nations

the body of laws governing relations between nations

virgil

a Roman poet

jesus

Religious leader and founder of Christianity

new testament

the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation

constantine

a walled city in northeastern Algeria east of Algiers

rome

the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church

carthage

an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis

asia minor

a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey

constantinope

as trade revived in the late middle ages this city located at the entrance to the black sea became the terminus for caravans and ships

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