a business in which investors pool their wealth in order to turn a profit.
a written contract issued by a government giving the holder the right to establish a colony.
the first permanent English settlement in North America.
English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia.
a person who sold his or her labor in exchange for passage to America.
House of Burgesses
created in 1619, the first representative assembly in the American colonies.
a revolt against powerful colonial authority in Jamestown by Nathaniel Bacon and a group of landless frontier settlers that resulted in the burning of Jamestown in 1676.
a member of the group that rejected the Church of England, sailed to America, and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620.
an agreement established by the men who sailed to America on the Mayflower, which called for laws for the good of the colony and set forth the idea of self-government.
a member of a group from England that settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church of England.
the movement of Puritans from England to establish settlements around the world, including 20,000 who sailed for America; the movement of African Americans between 1910 and 1920 to northern cities from the South.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
a set of laws that were established in 1639 by a Puritan congregation who had settled in the Connecticut Valley and that expanded the idea of representative government.
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism.
England-born American colonist who was banished from Boston for her religious views.
King Phillip's War
a war between the Puritan colonies and Native Americans in 1675-1676.
the Dutch governor of New Netherland from 1647 to its conquering by the British in 1664.
a person who brought 50 settlers to New Netherland and in return received a large land grant and other special privileges.
Duke of York
a colony with a single owner.
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania.
a person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony; accepted different religions and ethnic groups.
a colony ruled by governors appointed by a king.