Ch. 5 Sec. 3 Mr. Rodio

31 terms by stansea

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Fighting among Greek city-states

Competition led to conflict

Impact of Persian Wars on Greece

Athens emerged as the most powerful Greek city-state

Impact of Persian Wars on Greece

Athens and other Greek city-states formed an alliance called the Delian League

Golden Age of Pericles

Period after the Pdersian War (460 B.C. to 429 B.C.) when Pericles led Greece

Golden Age of Pericles

Grrek economy thrived

Golden Age of Pericles

Greek government became more democratic

Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War

Sparta and other Greek city-states formed the Pelopenesian League

Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War

Athens was pro-democracy while Sparta was pro-oligarchy

Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War

The Pelopenesian War began in 431 B.C. and lasted 27 years

alliance

a joining together for some common purpose

direct democracy

Government in which citizens vote on laws and select officials directly

stipend

salary

ostracism

the act of excluding someone from society by general consent

jury

a group of citizens chosen to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law

Battle of Marathon

a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians

Persian Wars

A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).

Pericles

Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.

Pheidippedes

Pheidippides was sent to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon, Greece

Athens

the capital and largest city of Greece

Sparta

an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess

Marathon

a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians

Marathon

a footrace of 26 miles 385 yards

Thermopylae

battle won by persians in mountain pass

Salamis

naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at Thermopylae

Xerxes

King of the Persian Army who was defeated by the Greeks in 480 B.C.

Thucydides

Greek historian. He wrote a history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles

Pericles

Leader of Athens during the golden age

Plague in Athens

Plague that killed 30,000 Athenians including Pericles. Caused by overcrowding when Spartans attacked Athens and the Athenians moved inside the wall of their city

Aspasia

a well-educated woman who helped shape Athenian politics as an advisor to Pericles

Direct Democracy

a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.

Indirect Democracy

system in which the people are rule by their representatives. Also known as representative democracy or a republic

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