Biology I- DNA/RNA

Created by carmelablackwell 

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DNA

stores and transmits genetic information

RNA

involved in expressing DNA stored info

transcription

rewriting DNA gene info into mRNA

translation

Converting mRNA info into protein

nucleotide

monomer of nucleic acids

4 4nitrogen bases in DNA

adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), Thymine (T)

4 nitrogen bases in RNA

adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), Uracil (U)

DNA Polymerase

enzyme that builds DNA strands

ribosome

organelle where proteins are assembled

three kinds of RNA

mRNA, rRNA, tRNA

deoxyribose

sugar in DNA

ribose

sugar in RNA

three parts of nucleotide

sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base

mutation

change in the DNA code

Replication

making an exact copy of DNA

codon

group of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid

amino acid

monomer of proteins

Base pairs in DNA with TAC ACT ACC

ATG TGA TGG

made during transcription and base pairs to TAC ACT ACC

AUG UGA UGG- mRNA

Where transcription occurs

nucleus

Where translation occurs

ribosome

Use a codon chart to find the amino acid for the DNA TAC

Methionine

Who puplished the structure of DNA?

Watson and Crick

Who took an X ray diffraction picture of DNA?

Rosalind Franklin

How many codons are in the following strand AUG CCG AAU

three

What process is when DNA makes an exact copy of itself?

DNA replication

Carries amino acids to the ribosome

tRNA

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