Horse Terms #2 ๐ŸŽ

Created by emmalewis08 

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The terms he gave us in class plus some extras

ACTION

CoMovement of the feet and legs.

BAY

A horse color - dull red to yellow-red, with a black mane and tail.

BLAZE

White hairs on the center of the forehead and face.

BLEMISH

An injury or defect which does not limit usefulness.

BOTS

Larval stage of the bot fly; during this stage these parasites live in the digestive tract of the horse.

CALKING

Injury to the coronary band by the shoe of the horse or that of another horse.

THRUSH

An infection of the frog of the foot.

CANNON

Leg bone in the lower leg.

CANTER

A three-beat gait; a "lope".

CAPPED HOCK

A firm swelling on the point of the hock.

CHESTNUT

A horse color - ranging from a bright golden red to a mahogany chestnut, but without a black mane and tail. Also used to describe a horny growth on the inside of the legs.

COFFIN BONE

Wedge-shaped bone inside the hoof.

COW-HOCKED

Hocks close together, fetlocks wide apart.

CRIBBING

A nervous condition in which horses hold on to a projection with their teeth, pull back to make the throat muscles rigid, and make a grunting noise while sucking air into the body. The air swallowed may cause colic.

CROUP

The top of the hips or rump of a horse.

CUPS

A term used to describe the indentions in the wearing surfaces of horses' teeth; used in age determination.

DEFECT

An injury or condition which affects usefulness.

DIAGONAL

A term used to describe a gait in which a forefoot moves in unison with the hind foot on the opposite side.

DOURINE

Contagious disease of horses characterized by swelling of the lymph glands, genital inflammation, and paralysis of the hind legs, spread by sexual contact.

DROPPED SOLE

Downward rotation of the coffin bone inside the hoof due to chronic founder of laminitus.

ERGOT

A horny growth on the back of the fetlock joint.

FETLOCK

Back of the leg at the joint between the cannon bone and the long pastern bone.

FIRING

A severe treatment sometimes used for injured ligaments or bones.

FISTULA

A sore on the withers connected to a diseased internal cavity; very difficult to heal.

FOAL

A young, unweaned horse of either sex.

FORGING

When the sole or shoe of the forefoot is struck by the toe of the hindfoot. Back hits Front.

FOX TROT

A slow, easy gait in which the feet are mixed as if on the point of changing from a walk to a trot.

FROG

Wedge-shaped projection on the bottom of the horse's hoof.

FULL MOUTH

All permanent incisors in wear; seen in a five-year-old horse.

GALLOP

A four beat gait, rate of travel (about 12 to 16 miles per hour).

GASKIN

A bundle of muscles in the hind leg just above the hock.

GELDING

A castrated male horse.

GRAVELLED

An injury caused by sand or a stone working up into the foot through the sole.

HAND

A measure of 4 inches; used in measuring the height of horses.
HEAVES (Asthma, broken wind) Almost any respiratory disease, condition characterized by difficulty in expiration; incurable.

HOCK

Joint in the hind leg between the gaskin and the cannon bones.

LAMINITIS

(Founder) Condition caused by congestion of circulation in the sensitive laminae in the walls of the foot; may be caused by improper feeding, watering, work or cooling out.

LATERAL

Term used to describe a gait in which the fore and hind legs on the same side function in unison.

LOPE

Commonly used term for a canter.

MOON

(PERIODIC OPTHALMIA) Eye defect; caused
BLINDNESS by a riboflavin deficiency.

NAVICLUAR

Inflammation of the small navicular bone oand bursa
DISEASE inside the hoof.

NEAR SIDE

The left side of the horse.

OFF SIDE

The right side of the horse.

PACE

A lateral two-beat gait.

PADDLING

Term used to describe action when the feet are thrown forward outside a vertical plane.

PASTERN

Part of the leg between the fetlock and the hoof.

POLLEVIL

A fistula at the poll.

PONY

A horse under 14:2 hands tall.

POSTING

Practice of rising and descending of the rider with the rhythm of the trot; largely seen in horse show riding; not practiced with the western seat.

QUITTOR

Decay of the lateral cartilage of the foot; characterized by the discharge of pus.

TROT

A distinct, two-beat, diagonal gait.

UNSOUNDNESS

Defect which affects serviceability.

VICE

An acquired habit which interferes with a horse's usefulness.

WINDGALLS

Soft, puffy swellings on the legs.

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