Was like the buddha, reached nirvana but stayed back to mentor and guide others.
Yellow dirt that was very hard, gave the yellow river its yellow, and it also influenced many buildings, such as the great wall.
Wet Rice Agriculture
It was the keystone of the economy, it was labor intensive, it required having big families, and both men and women did it.
Hundred Schools Period
It was before the Sui Dynasty, and it was many schools competing about what the thought about confucianism really is.
Genghi's birth/mongol name
He was the first kahn of the mongol empire, he organized the armies into "myriads".
Means leader/ emperor
Traveler from the 13th century, he was born in Venice and his first trip was at age 17 and he became favored with the emperor of china, and was sent on many special missions. He wrote a book about it all when he was in captivity.
Muslim traveler from Moroco, who traveled through muslim countries, He traveled more than Marco Polo but did not write a book.
He was the Grandson of Genghis, started the Yuan dynasty. Conquered China and Europe.
It grew with the rise of the Roman Empire, it was over 7000 miles long and it was from Rome to Chang'an. It connected tp the yellow river valley to the mediterranean sea.
Caves of the thousand Buddhas. They were sealed in the 11th century for protection from the Tibetan Raiders.
Started during the Song Dynasty, it was a sign of wealth (means you didn't do labor), and you couldn't get married unless your feet were bound. It was attractive to men.
They were part of the northern tribes, and had many different clans and groups. They were nomadic and hunted animals and did no agriculture.
It opened in the Tang Dynasty, it links the Yellow and Yangtzi Rivers.
Yin and Yang
Yin is dark, and female, and Yang is light, strong, and male. It is a sign of balance and it comes from daoism
Three Main Rivers
Yellow, Yangtze, and West
Mandate of Heaven
Ruler was chosen by heaven, and the ruler must not be selfish and take care of his people. Signs that they needed a new ruler or that one was coming was natural disasters.
Mountains, Deserts, Plateaus
They used camels to travel around, and also horses. It gave them protection from outside cultures, and It also gave them resources
It is just and stable government, and you became good, it was the beginning of scholar tradition.
Friend to Friend, Son to Father, Younger Brother to Older Brother, Subject to Ruler, and Wife to Husband
devotion to one's parents, family members
Confucius and government
morality and good/right government cannot be seperated
Yin and Yang, Balance, Compassion, Nature and naturalness
Non - attachment and compassion, democratic, and spiritual enlightenment
High Imperial China
589 - 1368. The rest of the world: Middle ages of Europe, and Golden Age in Middle East
Only women emperor, lasted 7 years, was ruthless
weakened Tang until it collapsed, rebelled
Writing is also a art form, but still writing that was necessary to have in a country