Common Medical Abbreviations

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ABC

Airway, Breathing, Circulation

abd

Abdomen

ABG

Arterial Blood Gas

ABO

System of classifying blood groups.

ac

Before meals.

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACS

Acute Compartment Syndrome

ACTH

Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone

ad lib

Freely, as desired

ADH

Antidiuretic Hormone

ADL

Activities of Daily Living

AFP

Alpha-fetoprotein

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

AKA

Above the Knee Amputation

ALL

Acute Lymphocytic Anemia

ALP

Alkaline Phosphatase

ALS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

ALT

Alkaline Phosphatase (SGPT)

AMI

Antibody Mediated Immunity

AML

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

amt.

Amount

ANA

Antinuclear Antibody

ANS

Autonomic Nervous System

AP

Anteroposterior

A&P

Anterior and Posterior

APC

Atrial Premature Contraction

ARDS

Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome

ASD

Atrial Septal Defect

ASHD

Atherosclerotic Heart Disease

AST

Aspartate Aminotransferase (SGOT)

ATP

Adenosine Triphosphate

AV

Atrioventricular

BCG

Bacille Calmette-Guerin

bid

Two times a day

BKA

Below-the-Knee Amputation

BLS

Basic Life Support

BMR

Basal Metabolic Rate

BP

Blood Pressure

BPH

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

bpm

Beats per Minute

BPR

Bathroom Privileges

BSA

Body Surface Area

BUN

Blood Urea Nitrogen

C

Centigrade, Celsius

Ca

Calcium

CABG

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

CAD

Coronary Artery Disease

CAL

Chronic Airflow Limitations

CAPD

Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

caps

Capsules

CBC

Complete Blood Count

CC

Chief Complaint

cc

Cubic Centimeter

CCU

Coronary Care Unit, Critical Care Unit

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CHF

Congestive Heart Failure

CK

Creatine Kinase

Cl

Chloride

CLL

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

cm

Centimeter

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

CNS

Central Nervous System

CO

Carbon monoxide, Cardiac Output

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

comp

Compound

cont

Continuous

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

CP

Cerebral Palsy

CPAP

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

CPK

Creatine Phosphokinase

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CRP

C-reactive Protein

C&S

Culture and Sensitivity

CSF

Cerebral Spinal Fluid

CT

Computerized Tomography

CTD

Connective Tissue Disease

CTS

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

CVA

Cerebral Vascular Accident, Costovertebral Angle

CVC

Central Venous Catheter

CVP

Central Venous Pressure

D&C

Dilation and Curettage

DC

Discontinue

DCBE

Double Contrast Barium Enema

DIC

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

DIFF

Differential Blood Count

dil.

Dilute

DJD

Degenerative Joint Disease

DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

dl, dL

Deciliter (100 ml)

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

DNR

Do Not Resuscitate

DOE

Dyspnea On Exertion

DPT

Vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus

Dr.

Doctor

DRE

Digital Rectal Exam

DVT

Deep Venous Thrombosis

D/W

Dextrose and Water

Dx

Diagnosis

ECF

Extracellular Fluid

ECG, EKG

Electrocardiogram

ECT

Electroconvulsive Therapy

ED

Emergency Department

EEG

Electroencephalogram

ENT

Ear, Nose, and Throat

ESR

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate

ESRD

End Stage Renal Disease

ET

Endotracheal Tube

F

Fahrenheit

FBD

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

FBS

Fasting Blood Sugar

FDA

U.S Food and Drug Administration

FFP

Fresh Frozen Plasma

FHR

Fetal Heart Rate

FHT

Fetal Heart Tone

FOBT

Fecal Occult Blood Test

4x4

Piece of gauze 4 in by 4 in; used in dressings

FSH

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

ft.

Foot, feet (unit of measure)

FUO

Fever of Undetermined Origin

GB

Gallbladder

GCS

Glasgow Coma Scale

GFR

Glomerular Filtration Rate

GH

Growth Hormone

GI

Gastrointestinal

GU

Genitourinary

GYN

Gynecological

h, hrs

Hours

Hb, Hgb

Hemoglobin

HCG

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

HCO3

Bicarbonate

Hct

Hematocrit

HD

Hemodialysis

HDL

High-density Lipoprotein

HGH

Human Growth Hormone

HHNK

Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HSV

Herpes Simplex Virus

Hx

History

IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

ICP

Intracranial Pressure

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