Medical Terminology

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Genitourinary terminology

urethroscopy

endoscopy of the urethra

culture & sensitivity

C & S - test that determines the causative organism of a disease and how it responds to various antibiotics

urinalysis

tests performed on a urine specimen

cystography

radiographic examination of the urinary bladder

hemodialysis

method of removing waste substances from the blood

circumcision

removal of all or part of the foreskin

nephropexy

fixation of a floating or mobile kidney

orchidectomy

Removal of one or both testes; also called orchiectomy

urethroectomy

excision of a urethral stricture

vasectomy

surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization)

frequency

urinating in frequent intervals

hesitancy

involuntary delay in initiating urination

hydronephrosis

dilation of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys resulting from the obstruction of the flow of urine.

nocturia

Excessive or frequent urination after going to bed

oliguria

diminished capacity to form and pass urine.

urgency

feeling the need to urinate immediately

anorchidism

congenital absence of one or both testes

hydrocele

accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structures

digital rectal examination

Screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas that might indicate cancer.

cystoscopy

Visual (endoscopic) examination of the urinary bladder.

nephroscopy

viewing the kidney with an endoscope

pyelonephritis

kidney infection, complicated urinary tract infection

nephrolithiasis

kidney stones

benign prostatic hyperplasia

enlargement of the prostate gland' seen in older men. causes urinary obstruction (BPH)

cryptorchidism

failure of testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth

CA of prostate

Most common form of cancer in men, most common in african americans, by age 50- 1 in 4 men have cancerous cells in prostate, by 80- 1 in 2

anuria

absence of urine production or urinary output

chronic renal failure

Renal failure that occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to maintain volume and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake

dysuria

painful or difficult urination

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence

electrolytes

mineral salts (sodium, potassium and calcium) that carry an electric charge in solution.

peritoneum

serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity

cyst/o - vesic/o

bladder

lith/o

stone, calculus

meat/o

opening, meatus

nephr/o, ren/o

kidney

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

andr/o

male

spermat/o, sperm/o

spermatozoa, sperm cells

vas/o

vas deferens, vessel or duct

albumin/o

albumin, protein

bacteri/o

bacterium, bacteria

crypt/o

hidden

kal/i

potassium

transurethral

Pertaining to across (through) the urethra. A TURP is a transurethral resection of the prostate by surgery through the urethra.

antispasmodics

Decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder
Trade name drug - Ditropan

diuretics

promote and increase the excretion of urin
Trade name drug - Lasix & Aldactone

potassium supplements

replace potassium due to depletion caused by diuretics
Trade name drugs - K-Tab, Kaon CI

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