Chap 9 Devlopmental theories: Life Course And Latent Trait

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Life Course Theories

theories that identify factors affecting the start, duration, nature, and end of criminal behavior over the life of an offender

Latent Trait Theories

theoretical views that criminal behavior is controlled by a master trait, present at birth or soon after, that remains stable and unchanging throughout a person's lifetime

The Glueck Research

long grapvine

Problem Behavior Syndrome

a cluster of antisocial behaviors that may include family dysfunction, substance abuse, smoking, precocious sexuality and early pregnancy, educational underachievement, suicide attempts, sensation seeking, and unemployment, as well as crime

Loeber (pys) pathways to crime

causes and correlates of delinquency

Authority conflict pathway

path to a criminal career that begins with early stubborn behavior and defiance of parents

covert pathway

path to a criminal career that begins with minor under handed behavior and progresses to fire starting and theft

overt pathway

path to a criminal career tha begins with minor aggression, leads to physical fighting and eventually escalates to violent crime

age of onset

the earlier the onset of criminality the more frequent varied and sustained the criminal career

Bacon, Patermoster and brame late bloomers

coined the pharse persisters who stay out of trouble in adolencese until late in teenage yars and then become violent criminals

Adolescent limited offenders

when antisocial behavior peaks in adolescence and then diminishes Terry Moffit

Life course persistent offender

a person whose criminal activity typically begins in early adolescence and continues throughout life; a career criminal

Dual taxonomy

lcp offenders engage in psuedomaturity early sexual and drug activity

Sampson and Laub's Age graded Theory

conducted retrospective qualitative interviews with men and analyzed quantitative data as well books crime in the making and shared beginnings divergent lives

turning points

life events that alter the devlopment of the criminal career

Social captial

postitive life sustaining realtions

3 FACTORS

MARRIAGE PARENTING AND MILITARY

stakes in conformity

having something to lose

State dependence

Latent trait disrupts normal soialization

crime and human nature

wilison and hernstein argued that personal traits such as genetic and spychological makeup intelligence and body build outweigh the importance of social varibles as predictors of criminal activity

General theory of crime

according to Gottfredson and Hirschi, a developmental theory that modifies social control theory by integrating concepts from biosocial, psychologica, routine activities and rational choice theories. they consider the criminal offender and the criminal act as separate concepts

self control theory

according to Gottfredson and Hirschi, the view that the cause of delinquent behavior is an impulsive personality. Kids who are impulsive may find that their bond to society is weak

cognitive behavior therapy

best way of changing behavior

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