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### 31 terms by MakenzieMayhem

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olive

algorithms

heuristics

### Seventy percent of the students in a classroom are women and 30 percent are men. One student is described as ambitious, athletic, and assertive. Why are most people likely to think this description refers to a male student?

They are using the representativeness heuristic.

### A loose screw on the visor causes it to drop down while Ben drives; however, he keeps forgetting to take a screwdriver out to the car to fix it. When he notices the visor drop again, he reaches into his pocket for a dime he uses to tighten the screw holding the visor. What problem-solving difficulty did Ben overcome?

6.
a) relative comparison
b) functional fixedness
c) poor problem representation
d) the representative heuristic

### Agatha Harkness-Smythe is determined to ban guns in the United States. Agatha could go to the library and look up studies on the linkage between guns and crime rates. Instead, Agatha just reads the local newspaper and only cuts out articles about robberies in which the "bad guy" used a firearm. Agatha is demonstrating...

confirmation bias

### Howard Gardner and Robert Sternberg agree to be interviewed together on the topic of intelligence. At the end of the interview, what do you conclude is their major point of agreement?

Standardized tests do not assess the many facets of intelligence.

exponential

### According to Robert Sternberg, __________________ refers to the ability to break problems down into component parts, or analysis, for problem solving. This is the type of intelligence that is measured by intelligence tests and academic achievement tests.

crystallized and visual-motor abilities

### Gardner and his associates are known for proposing ______.

the theory of multiple intelligences

### Charles Spearman believed that intelligence is composed of ____________.

practical intelligence

### Shalissa is described as being tactful and able to manipulate situations to her advantage. She is probably high in ___.

analytical intelligence

### On a newly developed IQ test, an individual scores at the 150 level on one day, and a 110 two weeks later. What does this test appear to lack? (hint: consider all possibilities)

reliability and validity

### A test is said to be reliable if _________________.

its results agree with a more direct measure of what the test is designed to predict

10 percent

### Because of the need to measure the IQ of people of varying ages, newer IQ tests base their assignment of IQ scores on _____________.

how individuals compare to others their age

130

1 percent

### ____________ has been suggested by Goleman to be a more powerful influence on life than more traditional views of intelligence.

Emotional intelligence

### When we consider intelligence, it is important to remember that although _______ sets limits on a child's potential, it is the _______ that permits that potential to be actualized.

heredity; environment

preoperational

preoperational

### Whereas Piaget saw cognitive development as a result of individual discovery and a child's interaction with objects, Vygotsky attributed cognitive development to________.

interaction between a child and skilled people

avoidant

Ambivalent

centration

### Kids are most likely to show an interest in playing games with rules during which of Piaget's stages?

concrete operational

preconventional

### When faced with a conflict between law and conscience, Liz follows her conscience despite the personal risk. This would be characteristic of__________.

c) postconventional morality

Example: