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cell membrane

regulates movement of materials in and out of cells, maintains cell shape and allows cells to communicate with each other

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

makes or synthesizes lipids, detoxification of drugs/medicines

rough endoplasmic reticulum

has ribosomes associated with it and transports proteins

ribosomes

makes proteins

Golgi

modifies, sorts and packages substances made by the cell and sends them to vacuoles, other organelles or out of the cell

lysosomes

cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell

vacuoles

store food and water

mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production

chloroplast

organelle in plant cells that converts the energy in sunlight into sugars

centrioles

Located near the nucleus and help to organize cell division

nucleus

the control center of the cell

nucleolus

makes ribosomes

chromosomes

threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes

cytoplasm

a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended

nuclear membrane

double membrane surrounding the nucleus that controls what enters and leaves the nucleus

Organelle

a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell

Cell theory

idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells

phospholipid

A type of lipid that makes up the cell membrane.

cytoskeleton

network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and is involved in many forms of cell movement

Prokaryote

A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles

Eukaryote

A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles

Cell Wall

strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria

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