Name given to early Central American cultures (Mexico and Central)
People who specialize in studying the humanities, which includes grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric
First to settle the Hudson River Valley
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade
people who send out to carry a religious message
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world
Protestant sect in England hoping to "purify" the Anglican church of Roman Catholic traces in practice and organization.
ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s
the bloodless overthrow of the English King James II and his replacement by William and Mary.
a follower of the teachings of John Calvin, a leader of the Protestant Reformation, anti-catholic, salvation through Predestination, desided heaven or hell at birth
russian aristocrats; possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe
a group of families who trace their roots to the same ancestor
a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States
money paid for protection
Calvin's religious theory that God has already planned out a person's life.
A pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin.
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward. (p. 428)
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
Divine Rights of Kings
A theory that assumed that God appointed all monarchs to rule on his behalf. Therefore, any policy, decree, plan, or approach adopted by royalty could not be questioned or disobeyed.
A distinctive behavioral trait; an idiosyncrasy
Where were the first people from N. America originally from?
Asia; crossed the landbridge between N. America and Russia
Mayan writing system
Maya glyphs or Maya hieroglyphs, the writing system of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica