Careers in Health Care

94 terms by CMAHowell 

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Health Occupation Education

programs offered at the high school level to prepare students for employment in health careers.

Associate's Degree

awarded by a technical school or community college after completion of 2 years of study.

Bachelor's Degree

awarded by a college or university after a course of study that lasts 4 or more years

Master's Degree

awarded by a college or university after completion of 2 or more years of work beyond a bachelor's degree.

Doctorate

awarded by a college or university after completion of two or more years of work beyond a bachelor's or master's degree.

Certification

meets the standards and qualifications established by a professional association or government agency that regulates that career.

Registration

granted by professional association or state board that administers the examinations and maintains a current list of qualified personnel.

Licensure

authorization given by a government agency to work in a certain occupation.

Continuing Education Units

credit for additional hours of education in a specific health career during a specific period of time.

multicompetent worker

workers who can perform a variety of health care skills.

entrepreneur

person who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of business.

on-the-job

on the job training

Dental Careers Jobs

Dentist, Dental Hygienist, Dental Laboratory Technician, Dental Assistant

DMD or DDS

Dentist

Dentist

Examine teeth and mouth tissues to diagnose and treat disease or abnormalities.

Dental Hygienist

works under supervision of a dentist to remove stains and deposits from the teeth and expose and develop radiographs (x-rays)

Dental Laboratory Technician

makes and repairs dentures, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances.

Dental Assistant

Assist dentist by preparing patients, passing instruments, preparing dental material, sterilizing instruments.

Diagnostic Service Jobs

Medical Laboratory Technologist; Phlebotomist; Radiologic Technologist; Epidemiologist; Biomedical Engineer

Diagnostic Service Careers

perform test or evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury or other physical conditions.

Dental Career

focus on the health of the teeth and soft tissues of the mouth.

Medical Laboratory Technologist

study tissues, fluids and cells of the human body to help determine the presence and/or cause of disease; work under a Pathologist.

Phlebotomist

collect blood and prepare it for testing; work under a Medical Technologist or Pathologist.

Radiologic Technologist

Use x-rays, radiation, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance to diagnose and treat disease; work under a Radiologist.

Epidemiologist

identify and track diseases as they occur in a group of people; determine risk factors; develope ways to control or prevent the spread of new diseases.

Biomedical Engineer

develop devices that help in the diagnosis and treatment of disease (metals, artificial organs, computer systems, etc.)

Emergency Medical Services

provide emergency medical services, prehospital care to victims of accidents, injuries, or sudden illnesses.

Emergency Medical Service Jobs

Emergency Medical Technician Paramedic;
Emergency Medical Technician Intermediate
Emergency Medical Techncian Ambulance/Basic

EMT Paramedic

Provides all basic procedures;
Provides advanced cardiac life support
Administers advance medications
Operates monitors and complex equipment

EMT Intermediate

Provides all basic services
Interprets EKGs;
manages shock;
gives IV fluids

EMT Ambulance/Basic

Provides treatment for medical emergencies like shock, burns, sudden illness, wounds, bleeding and fractures.
Provides basic life support
Transport victims to a medical facility
Assist with emergency childbirth

Health Information and Communication Careers

Medical Records Administrator; Medial Transcriptionist; Unit Secretary (Ward Clerk); Medical Illustrator.

Medical Records Administrator

Plans the system for storing and obtaining information from records; manages medical records department; prepares information for legal actions and insurance claims.

Medical Transcriptionist

Uses a word processor to enter information that has been dictated on an audio tape by a doctor;
Prepares health records such as reports, physicals, findings.

Unit Secretary

Records information on records; schedules procedures; order supplies, equipment, diets, etc. as ordered by the MD.

Medical Illustrators

Produce illustratoins charts, graphs, and diagrams for health textbooks, journals, magazines, and exhibits.

Medical Librarians

Organize books, journals and other printed health information.

Health Care Administrators

Plan, direct, coordinate and supervise the delivery of health care; operate health care facilities.

Admiting Officers/Clerks

Gather information when a patient is admitted to a medical facility; assign rooms; process discharge information.

Central/Sterile Supply Workers

Order, maintain and supply equipment and supplies for other departments in a facility.

Housekeeping/Sanitary Workers

Keep health care facilities clean and sanitary.

Medical Careers

Include doctors and others who work in other careeers under the supervision of a doctor.

Physician

Examine patients; obtain medical histories; order test; make diagnoses; perform surgery; treat diseases/discorders; teach preventive heatlh.

Doctor of Medicine (MD)

Diagnoses, treats, and prevents diseases and disorders. May specialize in an area.

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO)

Treats diseases/disorders mainly of the nervours, muscular and skeletal systems and the relationship of the body, mind, and emotions. May specialize in an area.

Doctor of Podiatry (DPM)

Examines, diagnoses, and treats diseases/disorders of the feet or the leg below the knee.

Doctor of Chiropractic (DC)

Focuses on ensuring proper alignment of the spine and normal operation of the nervous system to maintain health.

Physician Assistant (PA)

Works under the supervision of physicians; takes medical histories, performs physcial exams, orders basic tests, makes preliminary diagnosis, treats minor injuries, prescribes treatments.

Medical Assistant

Works under the supervision of physicians; prepares patients for exams; takes vital signs; records medical histories; performs basic lab test, prepare and maintain equipment and supplies; performs secretarial/recptionist duties.

Psychiatrist

Doctor specialied in diagnosing and treating mental illness.

Psychologist

Studies human behavior; helps people deal with problems of everyday living; counsels individuals and families; performs diagnostic test to determine the cause of mental illness.

Psychiatric/Mental Health Technicians

Work under the supervision of psychiatrists or psychologists; help patients and families follow treatment and rehab plans; assist with physical care; observe and report behavior.

Social Workers (SWs)

Help people cope with problems and make adjustments in their lives; refer people to community resources for assistance; provide emotional support; evaluate charges of abuse.

Anesthesiologist

Administers medications to cause a loss of feeling during surgery.

Cardiologist

Diagnosis and treats diseases of the heart and blood vessels

Dermatologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the skin

Emergency Physician

Diagnoses and treats acute illness or injury.

Endocrinologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the endocrine glands.

Family Physician/Practice

Promotes wellness, treats illness or injury in all age groups.

Gastroenterologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the stomach and intestines.

Gerontologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of elderly people.

Gynecologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the female reproductive system.

Internist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the internal organs (lungs, heart, glands, intestines, kidneys)

Neurologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the brain and nervous system.

Obstertrician

Deals with pregnancy and childbirth.

Oncologist

Diagnoses and treats tumors 9CANCER)

Opthalmologists

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the eye.

Orthopedist

Diagnoses and treats disease of the bones.

Otolaryngologist

Diagnoses and treats diseases of the ear, nose and/or throat.

Pathologist

Diagnosis diseases by studying changes in cells, tissue, and organs.

Pediatrician

Diagnosis and treats diseases in chidren.

Physiatrist

Deals with physical medicine and rehabilitation.

Plastic Surgeon

Corrective surgery to repair injured or

Proctologist

Deals with diseases of the lower part of the large intestine.

Radiologist

Use of x-rays and radiation to diagnose and treat disease.

Sports Medicine

Deal with the prevention and treatment of injuries sustained in athletic events.

Surgeon

Physcian who corrects deformities or treats injuries or disease.

Thoracic Surgeon

Performs surgery of the lungs, heart, or chest cavity.

Urologist

Diagnose and treats diseases of the kidney, bladder, or urinary system.

Mortician/Funeral Director/Undertakers

Help family with funeral arrangements; support the survivors; arrange for the burial or cremation.

Embalmers

Prepare body for burial; replace blood with embalming fluid; reshape bodies.

Mortuary Assistant

Works under the supervision of the Embalmer or Funeral Director; drive the hearse; arrange the flowers; cleans the funeral home.

Registered Nurse (RN)

Works under the direction of a doctor; provides total patient care; administers prescribed medications and treatments.

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

Works under the supervision of a doctor or RN; provides technical (hands-on) care.

Nursing Assistant (NA)

Works under the supervison of an RN or LPN; provide patient care such as bedmaking, baths, and feeding; takes and records vital signs.

Geriatric Aides/Assistants

get additional education to provide care for the elderly; perform the same duties as a nurse assistant.

Home Health Care Assistants

Receive special care to work in the patient's home; perform the same duties as a nurse assistant.

Medication Aides

Receive 40 hrs. or more training in a state approved medication training course to give medications in a nursing home or assisted living facility.

Surgical Technologists

Work under the supervision of RNs or physicians; prepare patients for surgery; set up instruments, equipment and sterile supplies in the operating room; assists in surgery.

Dieticians

Manage food service systems; plans menus; teaches special diets.

Dietetic Technicians

Works under the supervision of dieticinas; plans menus; assist with food preparation.

Dietetic Assistants

Works under the supervision of dietitians; assist with food preparation and service/

Occupational Therapists

Work under the guidance of an occupational therapists; assists patients in mastering activities of daily living.

Pharmacists (PharmDs)

Dispense medications per written orgers from physicians, dentists, and other health care professionals authorized to prescribe medications.

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