# ICP FINAL #4 - Heat and Temperature

### 25 terms by peoneill Teacher

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### Temperature

the AVERAGE kinetic energy of an object's particles due to non-directional motion at the atomic level

### Heat flow

always goes from hot to cold

### Conduction

the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching

### Convection

the transfer of heat by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas

the transfer of heat by rays or waves

### Conduction (examples)

stovetop, seat-warmer

### Convection (examples)

oven, blood (circulating), furnace

sun, heat lamp

32°F

0°C

273K

212°F

100°C

373K

### Absolute Zero

the temperature at which particles stop moving entirely (impossible to actually reach)

### Heat

the TOTAL kinetic energy of an object's particles due to non-directional motion at the atomic level

C + 273 = K

### converting Fahrenheit to Kelvin

must convert to Celsius first, THEN to Kelvin

Kelvins

### Why do we have the Kelvin scale?

1) Absolute zero is zero
2) There are no negative temperatures

### specific heat

The price you pay (in energy) to change the temperature of something.

### high specific heat

difficult to change the temperature

water

### low specific heat

easy to change the temperature

metal

Example: