Science - Chapter 5 Terms

16 terms by Molliz

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infer

conclude by reasoning

water cycle

the continuous cycle of the transfer of water through an ecosystem, which involves evaporation, transpiration, condensation, and precipitation

evaporation

the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas

condensation

The change of state from a gas to a liquid

precipitation

the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)

groundwater

water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers

continental shelf

a gently sloping, shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of a continent

continental slope

begins at the edge of the continental shelf and continues down to the flattest part of the ocean floor

abyssal plain

the vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover almost half of the ocean floor

currents

water that moves in a certain direction; the river like flow of water in the oceans

inter-tidal zone

portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines

near-shore zone

the area of the ocean over the continental shelf thats relatively shallow

open-ocean zone

the area over the continental slope and abyssal plain

coral reefs

large, delicate structures formed by the skeletons of small animals called corals

transpiration

evaporation of water from a plant's leaves

the main energy source

the sun

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