7th grade chap. 6 history (part 1)

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Artemis

The goddess of the hunt was _________.

democracy

A ________ is a form of government in which citizens govern themselves.

epics

Long, story-telling poems are called __________.

Odyssey

The _________ and the Iliad are two examples of epics or long story-telling poems.

Homer

Both poems, Odyssey and Iliad, were written by ___________.

Hades

__________ was the lord of the underworld who ruled over the dead.

Charos

Hades' helper was _____________, the angel of the dead.

Mycenaeans

The two earliest civilizations of Greece were the Minoans and the _________________.

Parthenon

The ____________, built under Pericles, was a temple in Athens built to honor the goddess Athena.

Ares

The Greek god of war was ________; his Roman name was Mars and he had a throne made of human skin.

Oracles

_______- were sacred sites where it was thought that the gods would speak to you; it could also be a priest or priestess who was thought to speak for the gods.

Balkan

The mainland part of the country of Greece is located on the ________ Peninsula.

immortal

An ____________ is someone who lives forever.

Mediterranian and Aegean

The mainland part of Greece is surrounded by water on three sides, including the ______________ to the south, the __________ Sea to the east, and Ionian Sea to the west.

Crete

The Minoan civilization of Greece began on the Greek island of ______.

Knossos

The Greek island of Crete was named after the Greek king Minos who built his palace in the city of ____________.

Olympians

The __________ are a group of 12 gods who ruled over the Greeks. They were supposed to live atop Mount Olympus.

acropolis

An __________ was a high, rocky hill where early people built cities.

Polis

The Greek word for city-state is ________. These usually developed around military forts.

Hades

The Greek god of wealth was __________.

Aristocrats

___________ were ancient Greek members of rich and powerful families.

Hera

The Greek goddess of youth, marriage and childbirth was __________; She was also the wife of Zeus.

Socrates

_____________ was a very important Greek philosopher; he encouraged all youth to question and examine everything they knew. He was later tried for dishonoring the gods with his teaching and forced to commit suicide by drinking poison.

Athena

_________ was the Greek goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts, and literature.

Zeus

The modern-day Olympic games we celebrate every four years was started by Greek city-states in order to honor the Greek god, _________.

Aphrodite

________was the Greek goddess of love, desire, and beauty; her Roman name was Venus.

Venus

Aphrodite's Roman name was ________.

Sparta and Athens

The two largest city-states of Greece were ____________ and ____________.

Cerberus

_____________ was a three-headed dog belonging to Hades who guarded over the underworld.

Philosophers

__________ were people who thought you could use the powers of the mind and reaso to understand natural events.

Hermes Mercury

The most clever of all the gods was ________; he served as messenger to the other gods. His Roman name was _______.

sailors and traders

The sea played an important part in the lives of the ancient Greeks, many of whom were _________, fishermen, and ___________.

Poseidon

____________was the Greek god of the sea and protector of all waters. He was moody and greedy and had a series of disputes with the other gods. He was widely worshipped by the sailors.

trident

Poseidon was second only to Zeus in power and he used a ________ as his weapon.

volcano

In 1628 B.C., a ________ erupted and helped bring about the end of the Minoan civilization.

Hephaestus

____________ was the blacksmith for the gods; he created thunderbolts for Zeus and also provided armor for the gods. His Roman name was Vulcan.

Vulcan

Hephaestus was a blacksmith for the gods who created thunderbolts for zeus and armor for the gods. His Roman name was ____________.

Hermes

________was the fastest of the Greek gods. He had winged sandals and a winged hat; he also served as guide for the dead to go to the underworld.

Athena

___________was the favorite child of Zeus; she was allowed to use his weapons, including the thunderbolt. Her Roman name was Minerva.

Minerva

Athena's Roman name was _________. She was the favorite child of Zeus.

dead

Charos was the angel of the _______ who helped people's souls cross over the river from the world of the living to the world of the dead.

Apollo

________ was the god of music and he is often seen as the archer with a silver bow and arrow. He is also the god of healing who taught man medicine.

medicine

Apollo was the god of music. He was also the god of healing who taught man ________.

Zeus Jupiter

_________ was the ruler of the gods and sat upon a golden throne atop Mt. Olympus. His Roman name was ________.

Jupiter

Zeus's Roman name was ___________.

Hestia hearth

_________ was the most generous of all the gods. She was the goddess of the __________-.

hearth

Hestia was the most generous of all the gods. She was the goddess of the _________.

Hermes

The god of thieves was ___________.

Zeus

The god _______ is represented as the god of mercy, the protector of the weak and punisher of the wicked.

Apollo

The Greek god ______________ had the daily job of driving his chariot across the daytime sky pushing the sun toward sunset. He also had the gift of prophecy given to him by Zeus.

chariot

Apollo had the daily job of driving his _______ across the daytime sky pushing the sun toward sunset.

prophesy

Apollo also had the gift of _________ given to him by Zeus.

Athena

The Greek god __________ was credited with inventing the chariot and the ship.

hills

An acropolis is a high, rocky _________ where early people built cities; the word means "high city"

high city

is the meaning of Acropolis

Artemis

The largest of all ancient Greek buildings was the Temple of ___________.

Salon

_________was the wise Athenian leader who was known for his fairness, he reformed the economy and government of Athens

Pericles

________was the Athenian leader who started the building of the Parthenon

Sparta

The two largest city-states in Greece were Athens and ____________.

Crete

The Minoans lived on the ancient island of ________.

writing

Greek's dark ages ran from the 1100s BC until about 750 BC and were a time in which there was little _____________ so most traditions were passed on by word of mouth.

Trojan Horse

The _________ ____________ was a trick used by the Greeks to attack the city of Troy.

horse

Greek soldiers hid inside a giant _______that was given to the Trojans as a gift. They waited until night and climbed out of the horse and attacked the city and burned it to the ground.

theatron

The large outdoor theaters used by the ancient Greeks were called _________, which meant "viewing place."

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