Blood

55 terms by kenue08 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Formed elements consist of what three main parts?

Red blood cell, white blood cells, and platelets

What is the most common plasma protein?

Albumins

What is another name for thrombocyte?

Platelets

What is the most common blood cell?

Red blood cells

What is another name for a white blood cell?

What is another name for a white blood cell?

What white blood cell is the most common in a normal blood sample?

neutrophils

How many red blood cells are normally found per cubic millimeter of blood?

5 million

What is the average number of white blood cells found per cubic millimeter of blood?

7,000

B cells and T cells belong to what class of agranular leukocyte?

Lymphocyte

What value is there to a change in the percentage of white blood cells to diagnostic medicine?

represents disease

What is the function of the platelet?

blood clotting

Formed elements constitute what percentage of the total blood volume?

45%

In terms of volume, does the blood normally contain more plasma or more formed elements?

Plasma

What is the name of a surface membrane molecule on a blood cell that causes an immune reaction?

Glycoprotein

What ABO blood type is found in a person who is a universal donor?

O blood

What is the average range of hematocrit for a normal female?

38% - 48%

What is the average range of hematocrit for a normal male?

44% - 54%

A person with blood type B has what kind of agglutinins (antibodies)?

Anti - A

A person has antibody A and antibody B in his or her blood with no Rh antibody. What blood type does this person have?

Type O

Define anemia

When blood is lost faster than it is replaced or when the production of red blood cells is low

What are the basic components of blood?

Plasma and blood cells

What are the basic components of plasma?

What are the basic components of plasma?

What are the plasma proteins?

Lipoproteins, antibodies, and albumin

Which plasma protein is the most abundant?

Albumin

What do neutrophils represent?

Bacterial infection

What do lymphocytes represent?

Viral infections

What do monocytes represent?

Chronic infections

What do eosinophils represent?

Allergies and worms

What do basophils represent?

Allergies

What is the "Total WBC count"?

The total number of white blood cells in a sample

What is plasma?

The fluid portion of blood and is about 91% water

What two plasma cells are produced by the liver?

Albumin and fibrinogen

What is another name for red blood cells?

Erythrocytes

What does the biconcave shape of red blood cells do for its function?

Increases area surface and provides for greater oxygen-carrying capabilities

What is blood formation referred to as?

Hematopoiesis or Hemopoiesis

Define erythropoiesis.

The specific production of red blood cells

What is the life span of red blood cells?

120 days

Which organs break down red blood cells?

Spleen or liver

Where are white blood cells formed?

Bone marrow tissue

What two groups can white blood cells be divided into?

Granular & Agranular Leukocytes

What white blood cells are categorized as being granular leukocytes?

Neutrophils, Eosinophils &Basophils

What white blood cells are categorized as being agranular leukocytes?

Lymphocytes &Monocytes

Describe the general features of red blood cells.

No nucleus and numerous

Describe the general features of Neutrophils.

3 to 5 lobed nucleus

Describe the general features of Basophils.

S-shaped nucleus; dark purple granules

Describe the general features of Eosinophils.

2 lobed nucleus; orange cytoplasmic granules

Describe the general features of lymphocytes.

Blue cytoplasm, frequently forming a halo around nucleus

Describe the general features of Monocytes.

Large cell with kidney shaped or horseshoe-shaped nucleus

Describe the general features of platelets.

Small, purple fragments

What occurs in antibody-meditated immunity?

Plasma cells secrete antibodies that travel in the fluid portion of the blood

What occurs in cell-meditated immunity?

The cells themselves move close to and destroy some types of bacteria or virus-infected cells

Define Differential WBC count.

Changes in the relative percentages of white blood cells

Define Hematocrit.

(packed cell volume); the percentage of red blood cells (or blood cells in general) in the total blood volume

Define plycythemia.

An increase in the hematocrit above normal

Define hemoglobin

A complex molecule composed of an iron-containing heme group and the protein globin

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set