Honors Spencer Cell Organelles Quiz

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Structure of the Nucleus

Structure of Cell Membrane

Structure of Cytoplasm

Structure of Rough ER

Structure of Smooth ER

Structure of the Mitochondria

Structure of Ribosomes

Structure of Lysosomes

Structure of Golgi Apparatus

Structure of Cytoskeleton

Structure of Cell Wall

Structure of Chloroplast

Cell Membrane

Made of phospholipid bilayer

Function of Cell Membrane

Controls what enters and exits the cell, protects and supports cell, and helps cells communicate with other cells

Cytoplasm

Jelly-like material that contains organelles

Function of cytoplasm

Protects and supports the cell

Rough ER

Has ribosomes attached

Smooth ER

No ribosomes attached

Function of Rough ER

Site of protein production

Function of Smooth ER

Make membrane lipids and helps in the detoxifacation of drugs

Mitochondria

Enclosed by two membranes with the inner membrane folded; contains its own DNA

Function of Mitochondria

Converts chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use; energy source of cell

Nucleus

Surrounded by a nuclear envelope that has pores; contains chromatin and nucleolus

Nucleolus

Where ribosomes are assembled

Function of Nucleus

Directs all the cells activities; contains the cells DNA

Ribosomes

Small, round organelles made of RNA; most numerous organelle

Function of Ribosomes

Site of protien synthesis

Lysosome

Small organelle filled with enzymes

Function of Lysosome

Breaking down organelles that are no longer useful, removing "junk" so it doesn't clutter the cell; clean up crew

Golgi Apparatus

Stack of membranes

Function of Golgi Apparatus

Modify, sorts and packages proteins and other materials from the ER for starage in the cell or secretion outside the cell

Cytoskeleton

Network of protein filaments called microfilaments and microtublules

Function of Cytoskeleton

Helps cell maintain shape and helps the cell move

Microtubules

Part of the cytoskeleton that helps with cell division and builds flagella and cilia

Flagella and cilia

Mircrotubules that helps cells to swim through liquids

Vacuole

Sac-like structure that takes up 90% of a plant cell

Function of Vacuole

Stores materials such as water, salts, proteins and carbs; helps plants support heavy structures like leaves

Cell Wall

Found outside the cell membrane, make mostly of cellulose

Function of Cell Wall

Provides protection and support for a plant cell

Chloroplast

Surrounded by two membranes; contains chlorophyll; contains its own DNA

Function of Chloroplast

Capture the energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy during photosynthesis

Cell wall and Chloroplast

Found only in plant cells and not animal cells

Chlorplast and Mitochondria

Organelles that have their own DNA

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