The process by which the cell capture energy in sunlight and uses it to make food or stored energy.
An organism that can make its own food.
Anorganism that cannot make its own food.
Colored chemical that can be absorbed by light
The main photosynthetic pigment in chloroplasts found in plants algae and some bacteria. It captures light and use it to create stored energy.
Small openings on the underside of leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move.
The process by which cells break down simple food molecules such as glucose to release the energy they contain.
The process by which cells break down molecules to release energy without using oxygen.
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo.
During this phase, the cell grows, makes a copy of its DNA and two centrioles and prepares to divide into two cells.
The process by which a cell makes an exact copy of the DNA in its nucleus.
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei and one copy of the DNA is distributed into each of the two daughter cells.
Made of threadlike chromatin which condenses to form double rod structures.
Final stage of the cell cycle.The cell membrane pinches in around the middle of the cell. The cell splits in two. Each daughter cell ends up with an identical set of chromosomes and about half of the organelles.
The process by which cells change in structure and become capable of carrying out specialized functions.
Respond to specific needs in the body, red blood cells, white blood cells and other cells that are needed in the blood.
Chromatin in the nucleus condenses to form chromosomes. The pairs of centrioles move to opposite sides of the nucleus. Spindle fibers form a bridge between the ends if the cell. The nuclear envelope breaks down.
The chromosomes line up across the center of the cell. Each chromosome attaches to a spindle fiber at its centromere.
The centromeres split . The two chromatids separate, and each chromatid becomes a new chromosome. The new chromosomes move to opposite ends of the cell. The cell stretches out as the opposite ends are pushed apart.
The chromosomes begin to stretch out and lose their rod like appearance. A new nuclear envelope forms around each region of chromosomes. The DNA is once again separated from the cytoplasm by a membrane.
Specialized organelles that facilitate cell division
Special microtubules which grow in mitosis, connect to chromosomes, and move the chromosomes around
Combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long, thin fibers, making up the genetic material in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome.
6 CO2 + 6 H2O-----light energy---> C6H1206 + 6 O2
The chemical process of photosynthesis inside the chloroplasts.
C6H12O6 +6 O2 -----in the cell mitochondria---> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + energy
The cellular respiration equation.
lactic acid fermentation
The chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic acid as the main end product and no CO2 being released.
The anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganisms break down sugars to form carbon dioxide and ethanol.