chem bonds and molecular attractions. Opposite charges electrically attract to another.
2 polar molecules attract
electrons distributed equally so no dipole. Molecule is temporarily dipole
induced dipole-induced dipole
the usually evenly distributed electrons become uneven, atoms are attracted to each other for a moment.
substance that gets dissolved. (sugar)
Dissolves solutes (water)
so much sugar water can dissolve more.
obtains some solute and can dissolve more.
# of moles in a SOLUTE/LITER of solution.
how well a solute dissolves.
amount of solute/amount of sol'n.
viewed as tendency of energy to disperse. ex. hot pan.
min. amount of energy for reactants to form products.
speeds up reaction by lowering activation energy barrier
Bases Accept Acids Donate
Base= electron pari donor
Acid=electron pair acceptor
forceful about donating hydrogen ion
timid when donating hydrogen ion.
H3O+ > OH-
H30+ < OH-
H3O+ = OH-
what 10 is raised to.
-log of H3O solution
neutralizes any incoming base along w/ any incoming acid.
weak acid or base & the salt of the acid or base.