Important People for Midterm #2

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Alexander Hamilton

Founded the federalist party, co-wrote "The Federalist" and championed in a strong central government. Believed in a great empire and a powerful federal government.

John Jay

Served as president of the Continental Congress, co-wrote "The Federalist" and served as the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

William Marbury

Sued James Madison for delivery of his commission which was being withheld by President Jefferson

John Marshall

Cheif Justice during the ruling of Marbury v. Madison

Thomas Jefferson

Leader of the Democratic-Republican Party. He wanted self-reliant individuals with a small government that protected rights.

Andrew Jackson

Seventh President of the U.S. He wanted a democracy with higher political involvement by the common man. He also vetoed the U.S. Bank's charter and made reforms in order to keep fed. government small.

Boss Tweed

A political machine famous for controlling nominations and gaining political office through illegal means.

Henry Clay

Founded the Whig Party.

Frederick Jackson Turner

American historian who wrote about the American Experience and what made it unique

Robert E. Lee

General of the Confederate Army during Civil War. He urged reconciliation with the North

Stephen A. Douglas

Ran against Lincoln, bell and Breckinridge for President in 1860. Also authored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and heightened the slavery debate

Dred Scott

Slave who sued unsuccessfully for his freedom in 1857. Ruling of Dred Scott v. Stanford determined that slaves were property and could not be freed by state laws. The ruling essentially nullified the Missouri Compromise and contributed greatly to Civil War.

John Breckinridge

Senator from Kentucky who ran in the election of 1860. He was extreme pro-slavery.

John Bell

Wealthy slaveholder from Tennessee who ran in the election of 1860 with the Constitutional Union Party on a moderate pro-slavery platform.

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of U.S. Lincoln sought to end slavery and preserve the Union. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation and delivered the famous Gettysburg Adress

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States

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