Founded the federalist party, co-wrote "The Federalist" and championed in a strong central government. Believed in a great empire and a powerful federal government.
Served as president of the Continental Congress, co-wrote "The Federalist" and served as the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Sued James Madison for delivery of his commission which was being withheld by President Jefferson
Cheif Justice during the ruling of Marbury v. Madison
Leader of the Democratic-Republican Party. He wanted self-reliant individuals with a small government that protected rights.
Seventh President of the U.S. He wanted a democracy with higher political involvement by the common man. He also vetoed the U.S. Bank's charter and made reforms in order to keep fed. government small.
A political machine famous for controlling nominations and gaining political office through illegal means.
Founded the Whig Party.
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian who wrote about the American Experience and what made it unique
Robert E. Lee
General of the Confederate Army during Civil War. He urged reconciliation with the North
Stephen A. Douglas
Ran against Lincoln, bell and Breckinridge for President in 1860. Also authored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and heightened the slavery debate
Slave who sued unsuccessfully for his freedom in 1857. Ruling of Dred Scott v. Stanford determined that slaves were property and could not be freed by state laws. The ruling essentially nullified the Missouri Compromise and contributed greatly to Civil War.
Senator from Kentucky who ran in the election of 1860. He was extreme pro-slavery.
Wealthy slaveholder from Tennessee who ran in the election of 1860 with the Constitutional Union Party on a moderate pro-slavery platform.
16th President of U.S. Lincoln sought to end slavery and preserve the Union. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation and delivered the famous Gettysburg Adress
President of the Confederate States